Empowering Patients: Partnering in Pain Management Using Patient-Controlled Oral Medication
Article first published online: 11 JUN 2013
© 2013 AWHONN, the Association of Women's Health, Obstetric and Neonatal Nurses
Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, & Neonatal Nursing
Special Issue: 2013 Convention Proceedings
Volume 42, Issue s1, page S24, June 2013
How to Cite
Espenshade, K. A. and Hreniuk, L. J. (2013), Empowering Patients: Partnering in Pain Management Using Patient-Controlled Oral Medication. Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, & Neonatal Nursing, 42: S24. doi: 10.1111/1552-6909.12081
- Issue published online: 11 JUN 2013
- Article first published online: 11 JUN 2013
- patient controlled oral medication
Purpose for the Program
To increase our hospital's low patient satisfaction scores in the area of “How well was your pain controlled?” from the Press Ganey survey.
The proposed change to patient controlled oral medication (PCOM) for analgesia was developed by a task force of nurses and pharmacists in collaboration with physicians, information technology staff, regulatory nurses from the Quality Department, Risk Management, Forms Committee, Education Council, Practice Council, and Leadership Council.
Implementation, Outcomes, and Evaluation
The implementation of this initiative began with a pilot program that lasted 1 month. When a patient who is about to deliver arrives in the labor and delivery unit, an obstetric assessment is completed by a registered nurse (RN), including patient screening. The patient is asked if she is able and wants to participate in PCOM. Postpartum, the physician orders ibuprofen PCOM. Upon arrival to the postpartum wing, the RN explains PCOM, the flow sheet, and documents. The outcome of this pilot program was a survey of RNs and patients using the PCOM. The PCOM program was re-examined taking into consideration concerns from both surveys. We began the initiative again in 2010 with a few changes suggested by the nurses and patients. We used the Press Gainey survey to evaluate the program. In October 2010, our score for “How well was your pain controlled?” was 82.0. Seventeen months after implementation of the PCOM program in March 2012, our score was 90.9, 99% in ranking with like hospitals.
Implications for Nursing Practice
The implementation of a patient controlled oral pain management program allows the patient and the nurse to partner in pain management following delivery. The patient has ready access to pain medication and is able to manage medications based on her specific situation and needs.