The authors report no conflict of interest or relevant financial relationships.
An Ethical Analysis of Opt-Out HIV Screening for Pregnant Women
Article first published online: 17 JUN 2013
© 2013 AWHONN, the Association of Women's Health, Obstetric and Neonatal Nurses
Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, & Neonatal Nursing
Volume 42, Issue 4, pages 485–491, July 2013
How to Cite
Wocial, L. D. and Cox, E. G. (2013), An Ethical Analysis of Opt-Out HIV Screening for Pregnant Women. Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, & Neonatal Nursing, 42: 485–491. doi: 10.1111/1552-6909.12224
- Issue published online: 16 JUL 2013
- Article first published online: 17 JUN 2013
- Manuscript Accepted: FEB 2013
- human immunodeficiency virus (HIV);
- perinatal transmission;
- HIV testing;
- opt out testing
Critical advances in prevention of mother-to-child-transmission (MTCT) of the HIV in the perinatal period have changed practice recommendations for HIV screening for pregnant women. Using case studies we illustrate the ethical complexities and implications of opt-out HIV testing for pregnant women. Despite the potential for compromised informed consent, an opt-out HIV screening approach is ethically defensible.