The authors report no conflict of interest or relevant financial relationships.
Examining Relationships Between Body Dissatisfaction, Maladaptive Perfectionism, and Postpartum Depression Symptoms
Article first published online: 4 SEP 2013
© 2013 AWHONN, the Association of Women's Health, Obstetric and Neonatal Nurses
Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, & Neonatal Nursing
Volume 42, Issue 5, pages 551–561, September/October 2013
How to Cite
Sweeney, A. C. and Fingerhut, R. (2013), Examining Relationships Between Body Dissatisfaction, Maladaptive Perfectionism, and Postpartum Depression Symptoms. Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, & Neonatal Nursing, 42: 551–561. doi: 10.1111/1552-6909.12236
- Issue published online: 10 SEP 2013
- Article first published online: 4 SEP 2013
- Manuscript Accepted: MAY 2013
- La Salle University Research Grant
- postpartum depression;
- body image;
To explore body dissatisfaction and maladaptive perfectionism as risk factors for postpartum depression symptomatology.
Prospective, cohort design.
Urban and suburban hospital-based obstetrician and midwifery offices.
Forty-six (46) adult ethnically diverse pregnant women with gestational age greater than or equal to 28 weeks.
Body dissatisfaction and maladaptive perfectionism were assessed in the offices of health care providers during the third trimester of pregnancy. Postpartum depression symptomatology was assessed at least 2 months postpartum using the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) via postal mail or e-mail.
Body dissatisfaction predicted postpartum depression symptoms, even after controlling for previously established risk factors. No main effect emerged between maladaptive perfectionism and postpartum depression symptoms.
Body dissatisfaction in the third trimester of pregnancy serves as a risk factor for postpartum depression. Therefore, assessment of body image during the third trimester of pregnancy may help health care providers identify women at risk of postpartum depression. Body dissatisfaction also may be an important target for postpartum depression prevention and treatment programs.