SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

Keywords:

  • self-care;
  • behavior;
  • self-efficacy;
  • elderly women;
  • hypertension

ABSTRACT

Objective

To identify correlates of self-care behaviors among elderly, low-income Korean women with hypertension.

Research Design

A secondary analysis of data from a community-based intervention trial for hypertension control.

Setting

Three community health posts in the Gangwon province, South Korea.

Participants

Two hundred thirty-four (234) low-income elderly women (age 60–93) who had previously participated in a community-based intervention trial for hypertension control.

Methods

The researchers collected data that included patient background characteristics, hypertension self-care behavior, self-efficacy of hypertension control, general knowledge of hypertension, and social support. The data were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics, including hierarchical regression analysis.

Results

The model explained 41.1% of the total variance in hypertension self-care behavior scores. Among elderly, low-income Korean women, the significant factors of their hypertension self-care behavior included: (a) self-efficacy of hypertension control (β = .62), (b) social support (β = .16), and (c) age (β = –.14). Hierarchical regression analysis showed that elderly Korean women that had higher self-efficacy of hypertension control, higher social support, and were younger were more likely to have higher hypertension self-care behavior scores.

Conclusions

The results highlight the need for interventions that focus on improving an individual's self-efficacy and social support to enhance hypertension self-care. The findings of this study can help nurses better understand hypertension self-care behavior in elderly, low-income Korean women.