The authors report no conflict of interest or relevant financial relationships.
Correlates of Self-Care Behaviors among Low-Income Elderly Women with Hypertension in South Korea
Article first published online: 19 DEC 2013
© 2013 AWHONN, the Association of Women's Health, Obstetric and Neonatal Nurses
Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, & Neonatal Nursing
Volume 43, Issue 1, pages 97–106, January/February 2014
How to Cite
Yang, S.-O., Jeong, G. H., Kim, S.-J. and Lee, S. H. (2014), Correlates of Self-Care Behaviors among Low-Income Elderly Women with Hypertension in South Korea. Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, & Neonatal Nursing, 43: 97–106. doi: 10.1111/1552-6909.12265
- Issue published online: 15 JAN 2014
- Article first published online: 19 DEC 2013
- Manuscript Accepted: AUG 2013
- elderly women;
To identify correlates of self-care behaviors among elderly, low-income Korean women with hypertension.
A secondary analysis of data from a community-based intervention trial for hypertension control.
Three community health posts in the Gangwon province, South Korea.
Two hundred thirty-four (234) low-income elderly women (age 60–93) who had previously participated in a community-based intervention trial for hypertension control.
The researchers collected data that included patient background characteristics, hypertension self-care behavior, self-efficacy of hypertension control, general knowledge of hypertension, and social support. The data were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics, including hierarchical regression analysis.
The model explained 41.1% of the total variance in hypertension self-care behavior scores. Among elderly, low-income Korean women, the significant factors of their hypertension self-care behavior included: (a) self-efficacy of hypertension control (β = .62), (b) social support (β = .16), and (c) age (β = –.14). Hierarchical regression analysis showed that elderly Korean women that had higher self-efficacy of hypertension control, higher social support, and were younger were more likely to have higher hypertension self-care behavior scores.
The results highlight the need for interventions that focus on improving an individual's self-efficacy and social support to enhance hypertension self-care. The findings of this study can help nurses better understand hypertension self-care behavior in elderly, low-income Korean women.