Get access

Hormone Therapy for the Management of Menopause Symptoms


  • Heidi Collins Fantasia,

    Corresponding author
    • Correspondence Heidi Collins Fantasia, PhD, RN, WHNP-BC, University of Massachusetts Lowell, College of Health Sciences, School of Nursing, 113 Wilder Street, Lowell, MA 01854.

    Search for more papers by this author
  • Melissa A. Sutherland

  • A total of 1.5 contact hours may be earned as CNE credit for reading “Hormone Therapy for the Management of Menopause Symptoms” and for completing an online posttest and evaluation.

    AWHONN is accredited as a provider of continuing nursing education by the American Nurses Credentialing Center's Commission on Accreditation.

    AWHONN holds a California BRN number, California CNE Provider #CEP580

  • The authors and planners for this activity report no conflict of interest or relevant financial relationships. The article includes no discussion of off-label drug or device use. No commercial support was received for this educational activity.


Many women will undergo menopause without incident, but others will experience bothersome effects resulting from declining estrogen levels. Vasomotor symptoms, which manifest as intense feelings of warmth, flushing, and perspiration, are the most common symptoms for which women seek treatment. Hormone therapy is indicated for the relief of vasomotor symptoms related to menopause. We review current Food Drug Administration-approved options for hormone therapy and discuss implications for practice and patient education.

Get access to the full text of this article