The authors report no conflict of interest or relevant financial relationships.
Contraceptive Use among Low-Income Women Living in Medically Underserved Neighborhoods
Article first published online: 24 JUN 2014
© 2014 AWHONN, the Association of Women's Health, Obstetric and Neonatal Nurses
Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, & Neonatal Nursing
Volume 43, Issue 4, pages 455–464, July/August 2014
How to Cite
Ayoola, A. B., Zandee, G. L., Johnson, E. and Pennings, K. (2014), Contraceptive Use among Low-Income Women Living in Medically Underserved Neighborhoods. Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, & Neonatal Nursing, 43: 455–464. doi: 10.1111/1552-6909.12462
- Issue published online: 17 JUL 2014
- Article first published online: 24 JUN 2014
- Manuscript Accepted: MAR 2014
- Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Nurse Faculty Scholar program. Grant Number: 70315
- unintended pregnancy;
- ethnic groups;
- sexual behavior;
- reproductive health
To describe the rate of contraceptive use and types of contraception used by low-income women.
A descriptive study was used to survey women about their contraceptive use and sexual behaviors 12 months prior to the time of the interview.
Participants and Setting
A convenience sample of 110 low-income women living in three urban medically underserved neighborhoods who enrolled in a larger study was included.
Univariate and bivariate descriptive analyses were conducted using STATA 10.
Forty-eight (43.6%) of the women were African American, 43 (39.1%) were Hispanic, and 17 (15.5%) were White. The women were age 18 to 55 years (Mean = 31 years). Forty percent of these women who were not pregnant or planning to get pregnant had sex without contraceptives in the past 12 months. The percentage of women who used contraception decreased from 77.3% users in the last 12 months to 63.6% current users. The most common methods used within the last 12 months were condom use by male partner (28.2%), birth control pills (14.6%), contraceptive injection (12.7%), intrauterine device (10.9%), and the patch (1.8%).
Many of the low-income women from medically underserved neighborhoods did not use contraceptives and of those who used contraceptives, the majority used the least effective methods.