A Collation of Recently Published Western European Formulae for Age Estimation of Subadult Skeletal Remains: Recommendations for Forensic Anthropology and Osteoarchaeology

Authors

  • Carme Rissech Ph.D.,

    Corresponding author
    • Unitat d'Antropologia Física, Departament de Biologia Animal, Facultat de Biologia, Universitat de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain
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  • Nicholas Márquez-Grant Ph.D.,

    1. Institute of Human Sciences, School of Anthropology and Museum Ethnography, University of Oxford, Oxford, U.K
    2. Cellmark Forensic Services, Abingdon, U.K
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  • Daniel Turbón Ph.D.

    1. Unitat d'Antropologia Física, Departament de Biologia Animal, Facultat de Biologia, Universitat de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain
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  • Presented in part at the 11th Annual Conference of the British Association for Biological Anthropology and Osteoarchaeology (BABAO), September 18–20, 2009, in Bradford, U.K.; and at the 17th Congress of the European Anthropological Association (EAA), August 30–September 2, 2010, in Poznan, Poland.

Additional information and reprint requests:

Carme Rissech, Ph.D

Unitat d'Antropologia Física

Departament de Biologia Animal

Facultat de Biologia

Universitat de Barcelona

08028 Barcelona

Spain

E-mail: carme.rissech@ub.edu

Abstract

The aim of this study is to provide an effective and quick reference guide based on the most useful European formulae recently published for subadult age estimation. All of these formulae derive from studies on postnatal growth of the scapula, innominate, femur, and tibia, based on modern skeletal data (173 ♂, 173 ♀) from five documented collections from Spain, Portugal, and Britain. The formulae were calculated from Inverse Regression. For this reason, these formulae are especially useful for modern samples from Western Europe and in particular on 20th century human remains from the Iberian Peninsula. Eleven formulae were selected as the most useful because they can be applied to individuals from within a wide age range and in individuals of unknown sex. Due to their high reliability and because they derive from documented European skeletal samples, we recommend these formulae be used on individuals of Caucasoid ancestry from Western Europe.

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