• Claesson MJ, Jeffery IB, Conde S et al. (2012) Gut microbiota composition correlates with diet and health in the elderly. Nature 488: 178184.
  • Davis CP & Savage DC (1974) Habitat, succession, attachment, and morphology of segmented, filamentous microbes indigenous to the murine gastrointestinal tract. Infect Immun 10: 948956.
  • Flint H, Scott KP, Louis P & Duncan SH (2012) The role of the gut microbiota in nutrition and health. Nat Rev Gastroenterol Hepatol 9: 577589.
  • Gaboriau-Routhiau V, Rakotobe S, Lécuyer E et al. (2009) The key role of segmented filamentous bacteria in the coordinated maturation of gut helper T cell responses. Immunity 31: 677689.
  • Gilmore IT (1990) Orocaecal transit time in health and disease. Gut 31: 250251.
  • Hayashi H, Takahashi R, Nishi T, Sakamoto M & Benno Y (2005) Molecular analysis of jejunal, ileal, caecal and recto-sigmoidal human colonic microbiota using 16S rRNA gene libraries and terminal restriction fragment length polymorphism. J Med Microbiol 54: 10931101.
  • Ivanov II & Honda K (2012) Intestinal commensal microbes as immune modulators. Cell Host Microbe 12: 496508.
  • Ivanov II, Atarashi K, Manel N et al. (2009) Induction of intestinal Th17 cells by segmented filamentous bacteria. Cell 139: 485498.
  • Jiang HQ, Bos NA & Cebra JJ (2001) Timing, localization, and persistence of colonization by segmented filamentous bacteria in the neonatal mouse gut depend on immune status of mothers and pups. Infect Immun 69: 36113617.
  • Klaasen HL, Koopman JP, Van den Brink ME, Van Wezel HP & Beynen AC (1991) Mono-association of mice with non-cultivable, intestinal, segmented, filamentous bacteria. Arch Microbiol 156: 148151.
  • Klaasen HL, Koopman JP, Poelma FG & Beynen AC (1992a) Intestinal, segmented, filamentous bacteria. FEMS Microbiol Rev 8: 165180.
  • Klaasen HL, Koopman JP, van den Brink ME, Bakker MH & Beynen AC (1992b) Influence of a natural-ingredient diet containing Phaseolus vulgaris on the colonization by segmented, filamentous bacteria of the small bowel of mice. Int J Vitam Nutr Res 62: 334341.
  • Klaasen HL, Koopman JP, van den Brink ME, Bakker MH, Poelma FG & Beynen AC (1993) Intestinal, segmented, filamentous bacteria in a wide range of vertebrate species. Lab Anim 27: 141150.
  • Koopman JP, van den Brink ME, Scholten PM, van der Heyden M, van Schie FW, Hectors MP & Nagengast F (1989) The influence of stress and cheese-whey on intestinal parameters in mice. Vet Q 11: 2429.
  • Lundin EA, Zhang JX, Lairon D, Tidehag P, Aman P, Adlercreutz H & Hallmans G (2004) Effects of meal frequency and high-fibre rye-bread diet on glucose and lipid metabolism and ileal excretion of energy and sterols in ileostomy subjects. Eur J Clin Nutr 58: 14101419.
  • Pamp SJ, Harrington ED, Quake SR, Relman DA & Blainey PC (2012) Single-cell sequencing provides clues about the host interactions of segmented filamentous bacteria (SFB). Genome Res 22: 11071119.
  • Prakash T, Oshima K, Morita H et al. (2011) Complete genome sequences of rat and mouse segmented filamentous bacteria, a potent inducer of th17 cell differentiation. Cell Host Microbe 10: 260272.
  • Salzman NH, Hung K, Haribhai D et al. (2010) Enteric defensins are essential regulators of intestinal microbial ecology. Nat Immunol 11: 7683.
  • Sczesnak A, Segata N, Qin X, Gevers D, Petrosino JF, Huttenhower C, Littman DR & Ivanov II (2011) The genome of th17 cell-inducing segmented filamentous bacteria reveals extensive auxotrophy and adaptations to the intestinal environment. Cell Host Microbe 10: 260272.
  • Snel J, Blok HJ, Kengen HMP, Ludwig W, Poelma FGJ, Koopman JP & Akkermans ADL (1994) Phylogenetic characterization of Clostridium related segmented filamentous bacteria in mice based on 16s ribosomal RNA analysis. Syst Appl Microbiol 17: 172179.
  • Snel J, Heinen PP, Blok HJ, Carman RJ, Duncan AJ, Allen PC & Collins MD (1995) Comparison of 16s rRNA sequences of segmented filamentous bacteria isolated from mice, rats, and chickens and proposal of “Candidatus Arthromitus”. Int J Syst Bacteriol 45: 780782.
  • Talham GL, Jiang HQ, Bos NA & Cebra JJ (1999) Segmented filamentous bacteria are potent stimuli of a physiologically normal state of the murine gut mucosal immune system. Infect Immun 67: 19922000.
  • Tamura K, Peterson D, Peterson N, Stecher G, Nei M & Kumar S (2011) Molecular evolutionary genetics analysis using maximum likelihood, Evolutionary distance, and maximum parsimony methods. Mol Biol Evol 28: 27312739.
  • Tannock GW, Miller JR & Savage DC (1984) Host specificity of filamentous, segmented microorganisms adherent to the small bowel epithelium in mice and rats. Appl Environ Microbiol 47: 441442.
  • Tremaroli V & Bäckhed F (2012) Functional interactions between the gut microbiota and host metabolism. Nature 489: 242249.
  • Yin Y, Wang Y, Zhu L, Liu W, Liao N, Jiang M, Zhu B, Yu HD, Xiang C & Wang X (2013) Comparative analysis of the distribution of segmented filamentous bacteria in humans, mice and chickens. ISME J 7: 615621.
  • Zoetendal EG, Raes J, van den Bogert B, Arumugam M, Booijink CC, Troost FJ, Bork P, Wels M, de Vos WM & Kleerebezem M (2012) The human small intestinal microbiota is driven by rapid uptake and conversion of simple carbohydrates. ISME J 6: 14151426.