Fibroblast Growth Factor 23 and Left Ventricular Mass Index in Maintenance Hemodialysis Patients: Standard Versus Long Nocturnal Hemodialysis


  • Presented in part at the 5th Slovenian Congress of Nephrology With International Participation held 17–20 October 2012 in Bled, Slovenia.

Address correspondence and reprint requests to Assistant Professor Bojan Knap, MD, PhD, Specialist of Internal Medicine, Department of Nephrology, University Medical Center Ljubljana, Zaloška 7, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia. Email:


Elevated levels of fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23) and phosphorus (P) have been linked to greater risks of left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) in patients with end stage renal disease (ESRD). The aim of this study was to test if differences exist in a long nocturnal HD group in comparison with a group treated with standard daily thrice weekly dialysis. The attempt was to evaluate if elevated FGF-23 levels, intact parathyroid hormone and P might be associated with left ventricular mass index (LVMI). Quantitative echocardiographic analyses were performed at baseline in 50 maintenance HD patients (17 women and 33 men, mean age: 56.4 ± 15.35 years, mean HD vintage: 9.06 ± 8.86 years, all patients are on HD thrice a week-median duration 15 h/week, 10 of them on long nocturnal HD, median duration 24 h/week). LVMIs were calculated. FGF23 was measured in duplicate using a second generation C-terminal enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and log of FGF-23 values were computed. Mean LVMI was 136.44 ± 44.44 g/m2. Serum FGF-23 levels were elevated when compared to population data with preserved kidney function (median 1388.5 RU/mL, range 252 to 24 336 RU/mL). There were no correlations recorded between log FGF-23 levels and LVMI (r = 0.2, P = 0.66). LVMI was significantly lower in HD patients on long nocturnal dialysis procedure (r = −0.31, P = 0.05). Patients treated with long nocturnal HD showed lower LV mass, lower P-values and higher 25-OH-D3 supply. Plasma FGF-23 concentration was comparable between the groups and was not associated with LVMI in our maintenance HD patients.