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Keywords:

  • H+-ATPase;
  • Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricus;
  • postacidification;
  • yogurt

Abstract

 Continued acid production by Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricus during the chilled storage of yogurt is the major cause of postacidification, resulting in a short shelf life. Two H+-ATPase defective variants of L. delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricus were successfully isolated and their H+-ATPase activities were reduced by 51.3% and 34.3%, respectively. It was shown that growth and acid production of variants were remarkably inhibited. The variants were more sensitive to acidic condition and had a significant rate for inactivation of H+-ATPase by N, N-dicyclohexylcarbodiimide (DCCD), along with a low H+-extrusion, suggesting that H+-ATPase is direct response for H+-extrusion. In addition, the variants were also more sensitive to NaCl, while H+-ATPase activities of variants and parent strain were significantly enhanced by NaCl stress. Obviously, H+-ATPase might be involved in Na+ transportation. Furthermore, variants were inoculated in fermented milk to ferment yogurt. There was no significant difference in flavor, whereas the postacidification of yogurt during chilled storage was remarkably inhibited. It is suggested that application of L. delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricus with reduced H+-ATPase activity in yogurt fermentation is one of effect, economic and simple avenues of inhibiting postacidification of yogurt during refrigerated storage, giving a longer shelf life.

Practical Application:  During yogurt fermentation, continued acid production by Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricus during the chilled storage of yogurt leads to milk fermentation with high postacidification, resulting in a short shelf life. In this work, 2 acid-sensitive variant strains of L. delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricus were isolated. The characteristics related to H+-ATPase were compared and it was observed that milk fermented by the variants had lower postacidification, giving a longer shelf life. Application of L. delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricus with reduced H+-ATPase activity in yogurt fermentation might be one of effect, economic and simple avenues of inhibiting yogurt postacidification during chilled storage, giving a longer shelf life.