Poly(vinyl alcohol)-Based Film Potentially Suitable for Antimicrobial Packaging Applications

Authors

  • Alessandro Musetti,

    Corresponding author
    1. Centro di Ricerca Interdipartimentale per il Miglioramento e la Valorizzazione delle Risorse Biologiche Agro-Alimentari BIOGEST-SITEIA, Univ. degli Studi di Modena e Reggio Emilia, c/o Via G. Amendola 2 (Padiglione Besta), 42122, Reggio Emilia, Italy
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  • Katia Paderni,

    1. Dipto. di Ingegneria “Enzo Ferrari,” Univ. degli Studi di Modena e Reggio Emilia, Strada Vignolese 905/a, 41125 Modena, Italy
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  • Paola Fabbri,

    1. Dipto. di Ingegneria “Enzo Ferrari,” Univ. degli Studi di Modena e Reggio Emilia, Strada Vignolese 905/a, 41125 Modena, Italy
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  • Andrea Pulvirenti,

    1. Dipto. di Scienze della Vita, Univ. degli Studi di Modena e Reggio Emilia, Via G. Amendola 2, Reggio Emilia, Italy
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  • Marwa Al-Moghazy,

    1. Dipto. di Scienze della Vita, Univ. degli Studi di Modena e Reggio Emilia, Via G. Amendola 2, Reggio Emilia, Italy
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  • Patrizia Fava

    1. Centro di Ricerca Interdipartimentale per il Miglioramento e la Valorizzazione delle Risorse Biologiche Agro-Alimentari BIOGEST-SITEIA, Univ. degli Studi di Modena e Reggio Emilia, c/o Via G. Amendola 2 (Padiglione Besta), 42122, Reggio Emilia, Italy
    2. Dipto. di Scienze della Vita, Univ. degli Studi di Modena e Reggio Emilia, Via G. Amendola 2, Reggio Emilia, Italy
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Abstract

This work aimed at developing a thin and water-resistant food-grade poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVOH)-based matrix able to swell when in contact with high moisture content food products without rupturing to release antimicrobial agents onto the food surface. This film was prepared by blending PVOH and 7.20% (wt/wt of PVOH) of poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) with citric acid as crosslinking agent. The film-forming solution was then casted onto a flat surface and the obtained film was 60 μm in thickness and showed a good transparency (close to T = 100%) in the visible region (400 to 700 nm). After immersion in water for 72 h at room temperature, the crosslinked matrix loses only 19.2% of its original weight (the percentage includes the amount of unreacted crosslinking agent, antimicrobial in itself). Water content, degree of swelling, and crosslinking density of the film prove that the presence of PEG diminishes the hydrophilic behavior of the material. Also the mechanical properties of the wet and dry film were assessed. Alongside this, 2.5% (wt/wt of dry film) of grapefruit seed extract (GSE), an antimicrobial agent, was added to the film-forming solution just before casting and the ability of the plastic matrix to release the additive was then evaluated in vitro against 2 GSE-susceptible microorganisms, Salmonella enteritidis and Listeria innocua. The results indicate that the developed matrix may be a promising food-grade material for the incorporation of active substances.

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