Conflict of interest: None.
Hepatoprotective effect of DT56a is associated with changes in natural killer T cells and regulatory T cells
Article first published online: 24 JAN 2013
© 2012 The Authors. Journal of Digestive Diseases © 2012 Chinese Medical Association Shanghai Branch, Chinese Society of Gastroenterology, Renji Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine and Wiley Publishing Asia Pty Ltd
Journal of Digestive Diseases
Volume 14, Issue 2, pages 84–92, February 2013
How to Cite
Shabat, Y., Lichtenstein, Y., Zolotarov, L., Ben Ya'acov, A. and Ilan, Y. (2013), Hepatoprotective effect of DT56a is associated with changes in natural killer T cells and regulatory T cells. Journal of Digestive Diseases, 14: 84–92. doi: 10.1111/1751-2980.12003
- Issue published online: 24 JAN 2013
- Article first published online: 24 JAN 2013
- Accepted manuscript online: 24 OCT 2012 05:44AM EST
- insulin resistance;
- nonalcoholic fatty liver disease
To determine the metabolic and immunological effects of the oral administration of DT56a, an enzymatic isolate of soybeans.
DT56a was orally administered to mice in three animal models: leptin deficiency, high-fat diet (HFD) supplementation and immune-mediated hepatitis. Liver damage and immunological status were assessed.
Oral administration of DT56a to leptin-deficient (ob/ob) and HFD mice led to a significant reduction in serum triglyceride (TG) and total cholesterol (TC) levels. DT56a-treated mice in both models exhibited a significant reduction in hepatic levels of TG and marked alleviation of glycemic control as indicated by significant decreases in fasting blood glucose levels and glucose tolerance tests. The levels of liver enzymes were reduced. These metabolic effects were associated with altered distributions of regulatory T (Tregs) and natural killer T (NKT) cells. DT56a suppressed the immune-mediated liver damage induced by concanavalin A indicated by decreased liver enzymes and serum interferon-γ levels and by improved histology and decreased hepatic apoptosis. Oral administration of DT56a also alleviated immune-mediated hepatitis and affected Tregs and NKT cells.
Oral administration of DT56a promotes a hepatoprotective effect associated with an alteration in the distribution of Tregs and NKT cells.