The author reports no conflicts of interest or relevant financial relationships.
Reasons for Initial Formula Supplementation of Healthy Breastfeeding Newborns
Article first published online: 17 JUN 2014
© 2014 AWHONN
Nursing for Women's Health
Volume 18, Issue 3, pages 196–203, June/July 2014
How to Cite
Grassley, J. S., Schleis, J., Bennett, S., Chapman, S. and Lind, B. (2014), Reasons for Initial Formula Supplementation of Healthy Breastfeeding Newborns. Nursing for Women's Health, 18: 196–203. doi: 10.1111/1751-486X.12120
- Issue published online: 17 JUN 2014
- Article first published online: 17 JUN 2014
- formula supplementation;
In a retrospective review of 302 hospital charts, 38 percent of newborns whose mothers planned to exclusively breastfeed received formula before hospital discharge. Those breastfeeding infants who did not receive formula were significantly younger at first breastfeeding than infants who received formula. Significantly more infants born by cesarean (51 percent) received supplementation than those born vaginally (31 percent). Birth between 9 p.m. and 10 a.m. and a hospital stay for more than 24 hours increased odds of supplementation. Nurses can explore barriers to exclusive breastfeeding unique to their hospitals to develop strategies that facilitate breastfeeding support and decrease formula supplementation.