Bacterial communities associated with Brassica napus L. grown on trace element-contaminated and non-contaminated fields: a genotypic and phenotypic comparison
Article first published online: 18 APR 2013
© 2013 The Authors. Microbial Biotechnology published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd and Society for Applied Microbiology.
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Thematic Issue: Ecological Engineering of the Intestinal Microbiome Connecting the Environment and Food to Therapy and Health
Volume 6, Issue 4, pages 371–384, July 2013
How to Cite
Croes, S., Weyens, N., Janssen, J., Vercampt, H., Colpaert, J.V., Carleer, R. and Vangronsveld, J. (2013), Bacterial communities associated with Brassica napus L. grown on trace element-contaminated and non-contaminated fields: a genotypic and phenotypic comparison. Microbial Biotechnology, 6: 371–384. doi: 10.1111/1751-7915.12057
S.C., N.W., J.C. and J.V. acknowledge the support of the Research Foundation Flanders (FWO-Vlaanderen) and the UHasselt Methusalemproject 08M03VGRJ for financial support. J.J. and H.V. are funded by the Institute for the Promotion of Innovation through Science and Technology in Flanders (IWT-Vlaanderen).
- Issue published online: 11 JUN 2013
- Article first published online: 18 APR 2013
- Manuscript Accepted: 20 MAR 2013
- Manuscript Revised: 19 MAR 2013
- Manuscript Received: 17 DEC 2012
- Research Foundation Flanders (FWO-Vlaanderen)
- UHasselt Methusalemproject 08M03VGRJ
- Institute for the Promotion of Innovation through Science and Technology in Flanders (IWT-Vlaanderen)
Cultivable bacterial strains associated with field-grown Brassica napus L. (soil, rhizosphere and roots) from a trace elements (Cd, Zn and Pb) contaminated field and a non-contaminated control field were characterized genotypically and phenotypically. Correspondence analysis of the genotypic data revealed a correlation between soil and rhizosphere communities isolated from the same field, indicating that local conditions play a more important role in influencing the composition of (rhizosphere) soil bacterial communities than root exudates. In contrast, endophytic communities of roots showed a correlation between fields, suggesting that plants on the two fields contain similar obligate endophytes derived from a common seed endophytic community and/or can select bacteria from the rhizosphere. The latter seemed not very likely since, despite the presence of several potential endophytic taxa in the rhizosphere, no significant correlation was found between root and rhizosphere communities. The majority of Cd/Zn tolerant strains capable of phosphorus solubilization, nitrogen fixation, indole-3-acetic acid production and showing 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylate deaminase capacity were found in the rhizosphere and roots of plants growing on the contaminated field.