Hyperglycemia of inpatients will increase the incidence of complications, mortality and medical cost, meanwhile prolong the course of hospitalization. A consensus on hyperglycemia management target in adult inpatients is proposed by experts of the Chinese Society of Endocrinology in order to control hyperglycemia of inpatients safely and effectively. Individualization is emphasized in this consensus. Different stratified glycemic targets should be established according to different patients and conditions. Target blood glucose control is unnecessary for diabetic patients during hospital stay. Glycemic decrement should generally not be quick. Hypoglycemia should be avoided as much as possible, and for overweight and obesity individuals, weight gain should be avoided as much as possible also. At the same time, the risks of infection and hyperglycemic crisis must also be avoided due to loose glycemic control.