The alpine plant Arabis alpina is an emerging model in the ecological genomic field which is well suited to identifying the genes involved in local adaptation in contrasted environmental conditions, a subject which remains poorly understood at molecular level. This study presents the assembly of a pool of A. alpina genomic fragments using next-generation sequencing technologies. These contigs cover 172 Mb of the A. alpina genome (i.e. 50% of the genome) and were shown to contain sequences giving positive hits against 96% of the 458 CEGMA core genes (Core Eukaryotic Genes Mapping Approach), a set of highly conserved eukaryotic genes. Regions presenting high nucleic sequence identity with 77% of the close relative Arabidopsis thaliana's genes were found with an unbiased distribution across the different functional categories of A. thaliana genes. This new resource was tested using a resequencing assay to identify polymorphic sites. Sixteen samples were successfully analysed and 127 041 single-nucleotide polymorphisms identified. This contig data set will contribute to improving our understanding of the ecology of Arabis alpina, thus constituting an important resource for future ecological genomic studies.