Affective temperaments in patients with rheumatoid arthritis
Article first published online: 24 JAN 2013
© 2013 The Authors International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases © 2013 Asia Pacific League of Associations for Rheumatology and Wiley Publishing Asia Pty Ltd
International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases
Volume 17, Issue 1, pages 34–38, January 2014
How to Cite
Rezvani, A., Aytüre, L., Arslan, M., Kurt, E., Eroğlu Demir, S. and Karacan, İ. (2014), Affective temperaments in patients with rheumatoid arthritis. International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases, 17: 34–38. doi: 10.1111/1756-185X.12033
- Issue published online: 28 JAN 2014
- Article first published online: 24 JAN 2013
- affective temperament;
- functional ability;
- Health Assessment Questionnaire;
- rheumatoid arthritis
The issue whether patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) have certain personality characteristics has been discussed. The temperament and personality characteristics of the patient may influence success in competing with stress. The aims of the study were to determine the most common dominant affective temperaments in patients with RA and whether temperament affects the disability.
A total of 88 patients with RA participated in this cross-sectional study. The Turkish version of the Temperament Evaluation of Memphis, Pisa, Paris and San Diego Auto Questionnaire scale was used to determine the dominant affective temperament, and the Health Assessment Questionnaire (HAQ) was used to determine functional ability.
Depressive temperament was found in 52 patients (59.1%) as the most common dominant affective temperament followed by irritable temperament in 17 patients (19.3%). There was no significant difference in HAQ scores of the patients according to the subscales of the Temperament Evaluation of Memphis, Pisa, Paris and San Diego Auto Questionnaire. Disability levels of patients were found as low-level disability in 65 patients and high-level disability in 23 patients. Multiple linear regression analysis indicated that HAQ score was not associated with gender, body mass index, duration of the disease, depressive temperament, anxious temperament, cyclothymic temperament or irritable temperament.
The current study showed that depressive and irritable temperaments are the most common affective temperaments in patients with RA. The dominant affective temperament does not affect the functional ability of patients with RA.