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Cross-sectional study assessing family members of psoriatic arthritis patients affected by the same disease: differences between Caucasian, South Asian and Afro-Caribbean populations living in the same geographic region

Authors

  • Coziana Ciurtin,

    1. Department of Rheumatology and Rehabilitation, Barking, Havering and Redbridge University Hospitals NHS Trust, King George Hospital, Goodmayes, Essex, UK
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  • Euthalia Roussou

    Corresponding author
    1. Department of Rheumatology and Rehabilitation, Barking, Havering and Redbridge University Hospitals NHS Trust, King George Hospital, Goodmayes, Essex, UK
    • Correspondence: Dr Euthalia Roussou, Department of Rheumatology and Rehabilitation, King George Hospital, Barley Lane, Goodmayes, Ilford, Essex IG3 8YB, UK.

      Email: thaliaroussou@hotmail.com

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Abstract

Aim

To determine the likelihood of an individual developing psoriatic arthritis (PsA) if they have a relative diagnosed with this disease, and to compare rates among different ethnic groups living in the same geographic region.

Method

Family histories of patients with PsA were assessed using a semi-structured questionnaire.

Results

Data on family members of patients with SpA were collected for 151 patients (46.6%) of the total cohort of 324. A total of 146 patients in the SpA cohort had PsA (45%) and 88 of these patients (60.2%) also had relatives with PsA.

Psoriatic arthritis was seen more commonly in Caucasians (= 88, 58.3%) than in South Asians (= 28, 18.5%; < 0.001) or African/Afro-Caribbean (= 11, 7.3%; < 0.002) individuals. Caucasians more commonly had relatives affected by the disease (49/78, 62.8%) than in South Asians (16/33, 48.4%; < 0.034).

Conclusions

Psoriatic arthritis was more common in Caucasian than in South Asian patients. The relatives of Caucasian patients were also more likely to have PsA compared with South Asian patients. Among South Asian patients, the relatives of Pakistani patients were significantly more likely to have PsA compared with other South Asian populations. Patients with a relative with PsA were three times more likely to develop PsA, with an increased likelihood for Pakistani individuals (by a factor of 5.29) compared with other South Asians (2.88) and Caucasians (4.32).

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