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Microbiome diversity of Aphis glycines with extensive superinfection in native and invasive populations

Authors

  • Raman Bansal,

    1. Department of Entomology, Ohio Agricultural Research and Development Center, The Ohio State University, Wooster, OH, USA
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  • M. A. Rouf Mian,

    1. Department of Entomology, Ohio Agricultural Research and Development Center, The Ohio State University, Wooster, OH, USA
    2. USDA-ARS and Department of Horticulture and Crop Science, The Ohio State University, Wooster, OH, USA
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  • Andy P. Michel

    Corresponding author
    1. Department of Entomology, Ohio Agricultural Research and Development Center, The Ohio State University, Wooster, OH, USA
    • For correspondence. E-mail michel.70@osu.edu; Tel. (+1) 330 263 3730; Fax (+1) 330 263 3686.

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Summary

Associations among insects and microbes can lead to beneficial or parasitic interactions. Using 454 sequencing of 16S RNA genes, we compared microbiome diversity and abundance among field-collected (F) and laboratory-reared (L) populations of the invasive soybean aphid (Aphis glycines), a pest of soybean. Additionally, we screened A. glycines populations from native (Japan, South Korea and China) and invasive regions (North America) to broadly determine the microbiome diversity. Our results suggested that Arsenophonus (relative abundance of 54.6%), Buchnera (38.7%) and Wolbachia (3.7%) were the major bacteria associated with A. glycines. Arsenophonus was the most abundant in F populations but was significantly reduced in L populations; additional bacteria species also had lower relative abundances in L populations. Native and invasive populations were largely similar in bacteria communities and revealed substantial superinfection of Arsenophonus and Wolbachia. The lone exception was a lack of Arsenophonus in A. glycines from Japan. Divergent selection pressures among natural and laboratory populations were inferred as factors driving the differential bacterial communities observed. Our results will allow for improved comparative aphid-symbiont research and broaden our understanding of the interactions among insects, endosymbionts and their environments.

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