• Aboriginal;
  • employment income;
  • social capital;
  • health;
  • public policy

Employment income of Aboriginal Canadians is analysed with the objective of assessing the impact of a broader definition of capital to include the human capital component of health status and social capital on income level. The dataset of the 2006 Aboriginal Peoples Survey is examined using an IV ordered probit model to analyse the factors affecting employment income. The results suggest that social capital and human capital, measured by education and health status, among other socio-demographic factors, influence the level of employment income among Aboriginal Canadians. The findings have implications for public policy.