Mandatory IFRS Adoption and Financial Statement Comparability

Authors


  • Accepted by Shiva Rajgopal. We appreciate useful comments from Jan Barton, Igor Goncharov, Paul Healy, Victoria Ivashina, Grace Pownall, Shiva Rajgopal (the editor), Thorsten Sellhorn, George Serafeim, Jordan Siegel, Eugene Soltes, Kristy Towry, Laurence van Lent, Sue Wang, Greg Waymire, Gwen Yu, two anonymous reviewers, and workshop participants at Emory University, the Harvard Business School International Seminar Series, and WHU Otto Beisheim School of Management. We also thank Joanne Horton and George Serafeim for data regarding U.K. firm reconciliations to IFRS. Christine Rivera and Chris Allen provided excellent research assistance.

Abstract

This study examines whether mandatory adoption of International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) leads to capital market benefits through enhanced financial statement comparability. U.K. domestic standards are considered very similar to IFRS, suggesting any capital market benefits observed for U.K.-domiciled firms are more likely attributable to improvements in comparability (i.e., better precision of across-firm information) than to changes in information quality specific to the firm (i.e., core information quality). If IFRS adoption improves financial statement comparability, we predict this should reduce insiders' ability to benefit from private information. Consistent with these expectations, we find that abnormal returns to insider purchases ― used to proxy for private information ― are reduced following IFRS adoption. Similar results obtain across numerous subsamples and proxies used to isolate IFRS effects attributable to comparability. Together, the findings are consistent with mandatory IFRS adoption improving comparability and thus leading to capital market benefits by reducing insiders' ability to exploit private information.

Ancillary