Unifying Fossils and Phylogenies for Comparative Analyses of Diversification and Trait Evolution
Inclusion of a near-complete fossil record reveals speciation-related molecular evolution
Article first published online: 9 AUG 2013
© 2013 The Authors. Methods in Ecology and Evolution © 2013 British Ecological Society
This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Methods in Ecology and Evolution
Volume 4, Issue 8, pages 745–753, August 2013
How to Cite
Ezard, T. H. G., Thomas, G. H., Purvis, A. (2013), Inclusion of a near-complete fossil record reveals speciation-related molecular evolution. Methods in Ecology and Evolution, 4: 745–753. doi: 10.1111/2041-210X.12089
- Issue published online: 9 AUG 2013
- Article first published online: 9 AUG 2013
- Manuscript Accepted: 17 JUN 2013
- Manuscript Received: 29 OCT 2012
- NERC Fellowship. Grant Number: NE/G012938/1
- NERC Fellowship. Grant Number: NE/J018163/1
- comparative analaysis;
- evolutionary biology;
- molecular evolution
- The rate of genetic evolution is often too variable among lineages to be explained by a strict molecular clock, prompting alternative ecological and evolutionary hypotheses to explain this rate heterogeneity.
- One controversial hypothesis is that speciation provokes a burst of rapid genetic change, giving molecular evolution a punctuational component. The amount of root-to-tip genetic change therefore tends to increase with the number of identified speciation events (nodes) along the root-to-tip path in molecular phylogenies. The controversy arises because nodes on molecular phylogenies can typically only be counted if both descendants are extant.
- Here, using stratigraphic, phylogenetic and ecological data from the exceptional fossil record of Cenozoic macroperforate planktonic foraminifera, we test whether among-lineage rate heterogeneity is explained by ecological factors (abundance, life history and environment) and by the numbers of speciation events according to fossil lineage, fossil morphospecies and molecular species concepts.
- The number of nodes between root and tips on the fossil lineage phylogeny was a statistically significant correlate of the rate of molecular evolution over the same root-to-tip path. The speciation counts from other species concepts and hypothesized ecological drivers had considerably less support.
- Our results showcase how the fossil record contains signals of biological processes that drive genetic evolution, justifying calls to further marry fossil and molecular data when studying macroevolution over geological time-scales.