• animal social networks;
  • asnipe ;
  • lagged association rate;
  • permutation test;
  • R


  1. The sampling of animals for the purpose of measuring associations and interactions between individuals has led to the development of several statistical methods to deal with biases inherent in these data. However, these methods are typically computationally intensive and complex to implement.
  2. Here, I provide a software package that supports a range of these analyses in the R statistical computing environment. This package includes a novel approach to estimating re-association rates of time between frequently sampled individuals.
  3. I include extended demonstration of the syntax and examples of the ability for this software to interface with existing network analysis packages in R.
  4. This bridges a gap in the tools that are available to biologists wishing to analyse animal social networks in R.