SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Allison, G.W. (1999) The implications of experimental design for biodiversity manipulations. American Naturalist, 153, 2645.
  • Bala, G., Caldeira, K., Wickett, M., Phillips, T.J., Lobell, D.B., Delire, C. & Mirin, A. (2007) Combined climate and carbon-cycle effects of large-scale deforestation. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA, 104, 65506555.
  • Balvanera, P., Pfisterer, A.B., Buchmann, N., He, J.S., Nakashizuka, T., Raffaelli, D. & Schmid, B. (2006) Quantifying the evidence for biodiversity effects on ecosystem functioning and services. Ecology Letters, 9, 11461156.
  • Barthlott, W., Mutke, J., Rafiqpoor, M.D., Kier, G. & Kreft, H. (2005) Global centres of vascular plant diversity. Nova Acta Leopoldina, 92, 6183.
  • BEF-China Research Group (2013) BEF data portal code repository. BEF-China data portal. Retrieved January 31, 2013, from https://github.com/befdata/
  • Bell, T., Newman, J.A., Silverman, B.W., Turner, S.L. & Lilley, A.K. (2005) The contribution of species richness and composition to bacterial services. Nature, 436, 11571160.
  • Bell, T., Lilley, A.K., Hector, A., Schmid, B., King, L. & Newman, J.A. (2009) A linear model method for biodiversity–ecosystem functioning experiments. American Naturalist, 174, 836849.
  • Both, S., Fang, T., Baruffol, M., Schmid, B., Bruelheide, H. & Erfmeier, A. (2012) Effects of tree sapling diversity and nutrient addition on herb-layer invasibility in young experimental communities of subtropical species. Open Journal of Ecology, 2, 112.
  • Bruelheide, H., Böhnke, M., Both, S., Fang, T., Assmann, T., Baruffol, M. et al. (2011) Community assembly during secondary forest succession in a Chinese subtropical forest. Ecological Monographs, 81, 2541.
  • Cardinale, B.J., Srivastava, D.S., Duffy, J.E., Wright, J.P., Downing, A.L., Sankaran, M. & Jouseau, C. (2006) Effects of biodiversity on the functioning of trophic groups and ecosystems. Nature, 443, 989992.
  • Cardinale, B.J., Matulich, K.L., Hooper, D.U., Byrnes, J.E., Duffy, E., Gamfeldt, L., Balvanera, P., O'Connor, M.I. & Gonzalez, A. (2011) The functional role of producer diversity in ecosystems. American Journal of Botany, 98, 572592.
  • Chisholm, R.A., Muller-Landau, H.C., Rahman, K.A., Bebber, D.P., Bin, Y., Bohlman, S.A. et al. (2013) Scale-dependent relationships between tree species richness and ecosystem function in forests. Journal of Ecology, 101, 12141224.
  • Crutsinger, G.M., Collins, M.D., Fordyce, J.A., Gompert, Z., Nice, C.C. & Sanders, N.J. (2006) Plant genotypic diversity predicts community structure and governs an ecosystem process. Science, 313, 966968.
  • Díaz, S., Symstad, A.J., Chapin, F.S., Wardle, D.A. & Huenneke, L.F. (2003) Functional diversity revealed by removal experiments. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 18, 140146.
  • Duffy, J.E. (2009) Why biodiversity is important to the functioning of real-world ecosystems. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, 7, 437444.
  • Durieux, L., Machado, L.A.T. & Laurent, H. (2003) The impact of deforestation on cloud cover over the Amazon arc of deforestation. Remote Sensing of Environment, 86, 132140.
  • Dutilleul, P. (1993) Spatial heterogeneity and the design of ecological field experiments. Ecology, 74, 16461658.
  • Fegraus, E.H., Andelman, S., Jones, M.B. & Schildhauer, M. (2005) Maximizing the value of ecological data with structured metadata: an introduction to Ecological Metadata Language (EML) and principles for metadata creation. Bulletin of the Ecological Society of America, 86, 158168.
  • von Felten, S., Hector, A., Buchmann, N., Niklaus, P.A., Schmid, B. & Scherer-Lorenzen, M. (2009) Belowground nitrogen partitioning in experimental grassland plant communities of varying species richness. Ecology, 90, 13891399.
  • Gamfeldt, L., Snall, T., Bagchi, R., Jonsson, M., Gustafsson, L., Kjellander, P. et al. (2013) Higher levels of multiple ecosystem services are found in forests with more tree species. Nature Communications, 4, 1340.
  • Geißler, C., Nadrowski, K., Kühn, P., Baruffol, M., Bruelheide, H., Schmid, B. & Scholten, T. (2013) Kinetic energy of throughfall in subtropical forests of SE China – effects of tree canopy structure, functional traits, and biodiversity. PLoS One, 8, e49618.
  • Givnish, T.J. (1994) Does diversity beget stability? Nature, 371, 113114.
  • Grime, J.P. (1997) Biodiversity and ecosystem function: the debate deepens. Science, 277, 12601261.
  • Grime, J.P. (2002) Declining plant diversity: empty niches or functional shifts? Journal of Vegetation Science, 13, 457460.
  • Hantsch, L., Braun, U., Scherer-Lorenzen, M. & Bruelheide, H. (2013) Tree species richness and tree species identity effects on occurrence of foliar fungal pathogens in a tree diversity experiment. Ecosphere, 4, 81.
  • Healy, C., Gotelli, N.J. & Potvin, C. (2008) Partitioning the effects of biodiversity and environmental heterogeneity for productivity and mortality in a tropical tree plantation. Journal of Ecology, 96, 903913.
  • Hector, A. & Bagchi, R. (2007) Biodiversity and ecosystem multifunctionality. Nature, 448, 188190.
  • Hector, A., von Felten, S. & Schmid, B. (2010) Analysis of variance with unbalanced data: an update for ecology & evolution. Journal of Animal Ecology, 79, 308316.
  • Hector, A., Bazeley-White, E., Loreau, M., Otway, S. & Schmid, B. (2002) Overyielding in grassland communities: testing the sampling effect hypothesis with replicated biodiversity experiments. Ecology Letters, 5, 502511.
  • Hector, A., Philipson, C., Saner, P., Chamagne, J., Dzulkifli, D., O'Brien, M. et al. (2011) The Sabah Biodiversity Experiment: a long-term test of the role of tree diversity in restoring tropical forest structure and functioning. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B, 366, 33033315.
  • Heidorn, P.B. (2008) Shedding light on the dark data in the long tail of science. Library Trends, 57, 280299.
  • Henery, M. (2011) The constraints of selecting for insect resistance in plantation trees. Agricultural and Forest Entomology, 13, 111120.
  • Hooper, D.U., Chapin, F.S. III, Ewel, J.J., Hector, A., Inchausti, P., Lavorel, S. et al. (2005) Effects of biodiversity on ecosystem functioning: a consensus of current knowledge. Ecological Monographs, 75, 335.
  • Hurlbert, S.H. (1984) Pseudoreplication and the design of ecological field experiments. Ecological Monographs, 54, 187211.
  • Huston, M.A. (1997) Hidden treatments in ecological experiments: re-evaluating the ecosystem function of biodiversity. Oecologia, 110, 449460.
  • Isbell, F., Calcagno, V., Hector, A., Connolly, J., Harpole, W.S., Reich, P.B. et al. (2011) High plant diversity is needed to maintain ecosystem services. Nature, 477, 199202.
  • Kröber, W., Böhnke, M., Welk, E., Wirth, C. & Bruelheide, H. (2012) Leaf trait-environment relationships in a subtropical broadleaved forest in South-East China. PLoS One, 7, e35742.
  • Lamont, B.B. (1995) Testing the effect of ecosystem composition structure on its functioning. Oikos, 74, 283295.
  • Lang, A.C., Härdtle, W., Baruffol, M., Böhnke, M., Bruelheide, H., Schmid, B., von Wehrden, H. & von Oheimb, G. (2012) Mechanisms promoting tree species coexistence: experimental evidence with saplings of subtropical forest ecosystems of China. Journal of Vegetation Science, 23, 837846.
  • Le Roux, X., Schmid, B., Barnard, R.L., Clays-Josserand, A., Falcao-Salles, J., Guillaumaud, N. et al. (2013) Plant functional diversity rather than species richness drives soil functions in experimental grasslands. PLoS One, 8, e61069.
  • Leadley, P.W. & Körner, C. (1996) Effects of elevated CO2 on plant species dominance in a highly diverse calcareous grassland. Carbon Dioxide, Populations, and Communities (eds C. Körner & F.A. Bazzaz), pp. 159175. Academic Press, San Diego, CA, USA.
  • Lepš, J. (2004) What do the biodiversity experiments tell us about consequences of plant species loss in the real world? Basic and Applied Ecology, 5, 529534.
  • Lipowsky, A., Schmid, B. & Roscher, C. (2011) Selection for monoculture and mixture genotypes in a biodiversity experiment. Basic and Applied Ecology, 12, 360371.
  • Loreau, M. & Hector, A. (2001) Partitioning selection and complementarity in biodiversity experiments. Nature, 412, 7276.
  • Loreau, M., Naeem, S. & Inchausti, P. (2002) Biodiversity and Ecosystem Functioning. Oxford University Press, New York.
  • MacArthur, R. & Levins, R. (1967) The limiting similarity, convergence and divergence of coexisting species. American Naturalist, 101, 377385.
  • Marquard, E., Weigelt, A., Roscher, C., Gubsch, M., Lipowsky, A. & Schmid, B. (2009a) Positive biodiversity–productivity relationship due to increased plant density. Journal of Ecology, 97, 696704.
  • Marquard, E., Weigelt, A., Temperton, V.M., Roscher, C., Schumacher, J., Buchmann, N., Fischer, M., Weisser, W.W. & Schmid, B. (2009b) Plant species richness and functional composition drive overyielding in a 6-year grassland experiment. Ecology, 90, 32903302.
  • Michener, W.K. & Jones, M.B. (2012) Ecoinformatics: supporting ecology as a data-intensive science. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 27, 8593.
  • Mikola, J., Salonen, V. & Setala, H. (2002) Studying the effects of plant species richness on ecosystem functioning: does the choice of experimental design matter? Oecologia, 133, 594598.
  • Moreira, X. & Mooney, K.A. (2013) Influence of plant genetic diversity on interactions between higher trophic levels. Biology Letters, 9, 20130133.
  • Nadrowski, K., Wirth, C. & Scherer-Lorenzen, M. (2010) Is forest diversity driving ecosystem function and service? Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability, 2, 15.
  • Nadrowski, K., Ratcliffe, S., Bönisch, G., Bruelheide, H., Kattge, J., Liu, X.J. et al. (2013) Harmonizing, annotating, and sharing data in biodiversity-ecosystem functioning research. Methods in Ecology and Evolution, 4, 201205.
  • Naeem, S., Thompson, L.J., Lawler, S.P., Lawton, J.H. & Woodfin, R.M. (1994) Declining biodiversity can alter the performance of ecosystems. Nature, 368, 734737.
  • Niklaus, P.A., Leadley, P.W., Schmid, B. & Körner, C. (2001) A long-term study on biodiversity elevated CO2 interactions in grassland. Ecological Monographs, 71, 341356.
  • Nyland, R.D. (2002) Silviculture: Concepts and Applications, 2nd edn. McGraw-Hill, Boston.
  • von Oheimb, G., Lang, A.C., Bruelheide, H., Forrester, D.I., Wäsche, I., Yu, M.J. & Härdtle, W. (2011) Individual-tree radial growth in a species-rich subtropical forest: the role of local neighbourhood competition. Forest Ecology and Management, 261, 499507.
  • Osnas, J.L.D., Lichstein, J.W., Reich, P.B. & Pacala, S.W. (2013) Global leaf trait relationships: mass, area, and the leaf economics spectrum. Science, 340, 741744.
  • Outbor, N.J. (1993) Isolation, population size and extinction: the classical and metapopulation approaches applied to vascular plants along the Dutch Rhine-system. Oikos, 66, 298308.
  • Pacala, S.W. & Deutschman, D.H. (1995) Details that matter – the spatial distribution of individual trees maintains forest ecosystem function. Oikos, 74, 357365.
  • Pacala, S.W. & Tilman, D. (1994) Limiting similarity in mechanistic and spatial models of plant competition in heterogeneous environments. American Naturalist, 143, 222257.
  • Pasari, J.R., Levi, T., Zavaleta, E.S. & Tilman, D. (2013) Several scales of biodiversity affect ecosystem multifunctionality. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA, 119, 1021910222.
  • Paul, G.S., Montagnini, F., Berlyn, G.P., Craven, D.J., Breugel, M. & Hall, J.S. (2012) Foliar herbivory and leaf traits of five native tree species in a young plantation of Central Panama. New Forests, 43, 6987.
  • Petermann, J.S., Fergus, A.J., Turnbull, L.A. & Schmid, B. (2008) Janzen-Connell effects are both widespread and strong enough to maintain functional diversity in grasslands. Ecology, 89, 23992406.
  • Potvin, C. & Dutilleul, P. (2009) Neighborhood effects and size-asymmetric competition in a tree plantation varying in diversity. Ecology, 90, 321327.
  • Potvin, C. & Gotelli, N. (2008) Biodiversity enhances individual performance but does not affect survivorship in tropical trees. Ecology Letters, 11, 217223.
  • Pretzsch, H. & Schütze, G. (2009) Transgressive overyielding in mixed compared with pure stands of Norway spruce and European beech in Central Europe: evidence on stand level and explanation on individual tree level. European Journal of Forest Research, 128, 183204.
  • Quijas, S., Jackson, L.E., Maass, M., Raffaelli, D., Schmid, B. & Balvanera, P. (2012) Plant diversity and generation of ecosystem services at the landscape scale: expert knowledge assessment. Journal of Applied Ecology, 49, 929940.
  • Reich, P.B., Walters, M.B., Kloeppel, B.D. & Ellsworth, D.S. (1995) Different photosynthesis-nitrogen relations in deciduous hardwood and evergreen coniferous tree species. Oecologia, 104, 2430.
  • Reich, P.B., Tilman, D., Isbell, F., Mueller, K., Hobbie, S.E., Flynn, D.F.B. & Eisenhauer, N. (2012) Impacts of biodiversity loss escalate through time as redundancy fades. Science, 336, 589592.
  • Roscher, C., Schumacher, J., Baade, J., Wilcke, W., Gleixner, G., Weisser, W.W., Schmid, B. & Schulze, E.-D. (2004) The role of biodiversity for element cycling and trophic interactions: an experimental approach in a grassland community. Basic and Applied Ecology, 5, 107121.
  • Roscher, C., Temperton, V.M., Scherer-Lorenzen, M., Schmitz, M., Schumacher, J., Schmid, B., Buchmann, N., Weisser, W.W. & Schulze, E.D. (2005) Overyielding in experimental grassland communities – irrespective of species pool or spatial scale. Ecology Letters, 8, 419429.
  • Saha, S., Kohnle, U., Brang, P., Ehring, A., Geisel, J., Leder, B. et al. (2012) Growth and quality of young oaks (Quercus robur and Q. petraea) grown in cluster plantings in Central Europe: a weighted meta-analysis. Forest Ecology and Management, 283, 106118.
  • Salles, J.F., Poly, F., Schmid, B. & Le Roux, X. (2009) Community niche predicts the functioning of denitrifying bacterial assemblages. Ecology, 90, 33243332.
  • Scherer-Lorenzen, M. (2013) The functional role of biodiversity in the context of global change. Forests and Global Change (eds. D.A. Coomes, D.F.R.P. Burslem & W.D. Simonson), pp. 195237. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
  • Scherer-Lorenzen, M., Körner, C. & Schulze, E.-D. (2005b) The functional significance of forest diversity: a synthesis. Forest Diversity and Function: Temperate and Boreal Systems (eds M. Scherer-Lorenzen, C. Körner & E.D. Schulze), pp. 377389. Ecological Studies, 176. Springer, Berlin.
  • Scherer-Lorenzen, M., Potvin, C., Koricheva, J., Schmid, B., Hector, A., Bornik, Z., Reynolds, G. & Schulze, E.-D. (2005a) The design of experimental tree plantations for functional biodiversity research. Forest Diversity and Function: Temperate and Boreal Systems (eds M. Scherer-Lorenzen, C. Körner & E.D. Schulze), pp. 347376. Ecological Studies, 176. Springer, Berlin.
  • Scherer-Lorenzen, M., Schulze, E.D., Don, A., Schumacher, A. & Weller, E. (2007) Exploring the functional significance of forest diversity: a new long-term experiment with temperate tree species (BIOTREE). Perspectives in Plant Ecology Evolution and Systematics, 9, 5370.
  • Schläpfer, F., Pfisterer, B.A. & Schmid, B. (2005) Non-random species extinction and plant production: implications for ecosystem functioning. Journal of Applied Ecology, 42, 1324.
  • Schmid, B. & Hector, A. (2004) The value of biodiversity experiments. Basic and Applied Ecology, 5, 535542.
  • Schmid, B., Hector, A., Huston, M.A., Inchausti, P., Nijs, I., Leadley, P.W. & Tilman, D. (2002) The design and analysis of biodiversity experiments. Biodiversity and Ecosystem Functioning: Synthesis and Perspectives (eds M. Loreau, S. Naeem & P. Inchausti), pp. 6175. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
  • Schmid, B., Hector, A., Saha, P. & Loreau, M. (2008) Biodiversity effects and transgressive overyielding. Journal of Plant Ecology, 1, 95102.
  • Schmid, B., Balvanera, P., Cardinale, B.J., Godbold, J., Pfisterer, A.B., Raffaelli, D., Solan, M. & Srivastava, D.S. (2009) Consequences of species loss for ecosystem functioning: meta-analyses of data from biodiversity experiments. Biodiversity, Ecosystem Functioning, and Human Wellbeing (eds S. Naeem, D.E. Bunker, A. Hector, M. Loreau & C. Perrings), pp. 1429. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
  • Schnitzer, S.A., Klironomos, J.N., HilleRisLambers, J., Kinkel, L.L., Reich, P.B., Xiao, K. et al. (2011) Soil microbes drive the classic plant diversity-productivity pattern. Ecology, 92, 296303.
  • Schuldt, A., Bruelheide, H., Durka, W., Eichenberg, D., Fischer, M., Kröber, W. et al. (2012) Plant traits affecting herbivory on tree recruits in highly diverse subtropical forests. Ecology Letters, 15, 732739.
  • Solan, M., Cardinale, B.J., Downing, A.L., Engelhardt, K.A.M., Ruesink, J.L. & Srivastava, D.S. (2004) Extinction and ecosystem function in the marine benthos. Science, 306, 11771180.
  • Spehn, E.M., Scherer-Lorenzen, M., Schmid, B., Hector, A., Caldeira, M.C., Dimitrakopoulos, P.G. et al. (2002) The role of legumes as a component of biodiversity in a cross-European study of grassland biomass nitrogen. Oikos, 98, 205218.
  • Stoll, P. & Prati, D. (2001) Intraspecific aggregation alters competitive interactions in experimental plant communities. Ecology, 82, 319327.
  • Tilman, D., Wedin, D. & Knops, J. (1996) Productivity and sustainability influenced by biodiversity in grassland ecosystems. Nature, 379, 718720.
  • Vehviläinen, H. & Koricheva, J. (2006) Moose and vole browsing patterns in experimentally assembled pure and mixed forest stands. Ecography, 29, 497506.
  • Verheyen, K. & Scherer-Lorenzen, M. (2012) Tree tesselation. International Innovation. Environment, 31.
  • Visser, S. (1995) Ectomycorrhizal fungal succession in Jack pine stands following wildfire. New Phytologist, 129, 389401.
  • Wacker, L., Baudois, O., Eichenberger-Glinz, S. & Schmid, B. (2008) Environmental heterogeneity increases complementarity in experimental grassland communities. Basic and Applied Ecology, 9, 467474.
  • Wacker, L., Baudois, O., Eichenberger-Glinz, S. & Schmid, B. (2009) Diversity effects in early- and mid-successional species pools along a nitrogen gradient. Ecology, 90, 637648.
  • Wang, X.H., Kent, M. & Fang, X.F. (2007) Evergreen broad-leaved forest in Eastern China: its ecology and conservation and the importance of resprouting in forest restoration. Forest Ecology and Management, 245, 7687.
  • Wang, K., Shi, X.Z., Yu, D.S., Shi, D.M., Chen, J.M., Xu, B.B., Liang, Y. & Li, D.C. (2005) Environmental factors affecting temporal and spatial dynamics of soil erosion in Xhingguo county South China. Pedosphere, 15, 620627.
  • Watt, A.D., Hunter, M. & Stork, N.E. (eds) (1997) Forests and Insects. Chapman and Hall, London.
  • Weigelt, A., Weisser, W.W., Buchmann, N. & Scherer-Lorenzen, M. (2009) Biodiversity and multifunctional agriculture: equal productivity in high-diversity low-input and low-diversity high-input grasslands. Biogeosciences, 6, 16951706.
  • Weiher, E. & Keddy, P. (1999) Ecological Assembly Rules. Perspectives, Advances, Retreats. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
  • Weiner, J., Andersen, S.B., Wille, W.K.M., Griepentrog, H.W. & Olsen, J.M. (2010) Evolutionary Agroecology: the potential for cooperative, high density, weed-suppressing cereals. Evolutionary Applications, 3, 473479.
  • Whitham, T.G., Young, W.P., Martinsen, G.D., Gehring, C.A., Schweitzer, J.A., Shuster, S.M. et al. (2003) Community and ecosystem genetics: a consequence of the extended phenotype. Ecology, 84, 559573.
  • de Wit, C.T. (1960) On competition. Verslagen Landbouwkundige Onderzoekingen, 66, 182.
  • Worm, B., Barbier, E.B., Beaumont, N., Duffy, J.E., Folke, C., Halpern, B.S. et al. (2006) Impacts of biodiversity loss on ocean ecosystem services. Science, 314, 787790.
  • Wright, I.J., Reich, P.B., Westoby, M., Ackerly, D.D., Baruch, Z., Bongers, F. et al. (2004) The worldwide leaf economics spectrum. Nature, 428, 821827.
  • Wu, Y.T., Gutknecht, J., Nadrowski, K., Geißler, C., Kühn, P., Scholten, T. et al. (2012) Relationships between soil microorganisms, plant communities and soil characteristics in Chinese subtropical forests. Ecosystems, 15, 624636.
  • Yang, X.F., Bauhus, J., Both, S., Fang, T., Härdtle, W., Kröber, W. et al. (2013) Establishment success in a forest biodiversity and ecosystem functioning experiment in subtropical China (BEF-China). European Journal of Forest Research, 132, 593606.
  • Zavaleta, E.S. & Hulvey, K.B. (2004) Realistic species losses disproportionately reduce grassland resistance to biological invaders. Science, 306, 11751177.
  • Zavaleta, E.S., Pasari, J.R., Hulvey, K.B. & Tilman, G.D. (2010) Sustaining multiple ecosystem functions in grassland communities requires higher biodiversity. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA, 107, 14431446.