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Keywords:

  • aging;
  • farnesylation;
  • lamin A;
  • laminopathies;
  • progeria

Abstract

The A- and B-type lamins are nuclear intermediate filament proteins in eukaryotic cells with a broad range of functions, including the organization of nuclear architecture and interaction with proteins in many cellular functions. Over 180 disease-causing mutations, termed ‘laminopathies,’ have been mapped throughout LMNA, the gene for A-type lamins in humans. Laminopathies can range from muscular dystrophies, cardiomyopathy, to Hutchinson–Gilford progeria syndrome. A number of mouse lines carrying some of the same mutations as those resulting in human diseases have been established. These LMNA-related mouse models have provided valuable insights into the functions of lamin A biogenesis and the roles of individual A-type lamins during tissue development. This review groups these LMNA-related mouse models into three categories: null mutants, point mutants, and progeroid mutants. We compare their phenotypes and discuss their potential implications in laminopathies and aging.