• Open Access

Maintenance of muscle mass and load-induced growth in Muscle RING Finger 1 null mice with age

Authors

  • Darren T. Hwee,

    1. Departments of Neurobiology, Physiology, and Behavior, University of California Davis, Davis, CA, USA
    2. Molecular, Cellular and Integrative Physiology Graduate Group, University of California Davis, Davis, CA, USA
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  • Leslie M. Baehr,

    1. Physiology and Membrane Biology, University of California Davis, Davis, CA, USA
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  • Andrew Philp,

    1. Departments of Neurobiology, Physiology, and Behavior, University of California Davis, Davis, CA, USA
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  • Keith Baar,

    1. Departments of Neurobiology, Physiology, and Behavior, University of California Davis, Davis, CA, USA
    2. Physiology and Membrane Biology, University of California Davis, Davis, CA, USA
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  • Sue C. Bodine

    Corresponding author
    1. Departments of Neurobiology, Physiology, and Behavior, University of California Davis, Davis, CA, USA
    2. Physiology and Membrane Biology, University of California Davis, Davis, CA, USA
    • Correspondence

      Sue C. Bodine, Department of Neurobiology, Physiology, and Behavior, 196 Briggs Hall, University of California, Davis, One Shields Avenue, Davis, CA 95616, USA. Tel.: (530) 752-0694; fax: (530) 752-5582; e-mail: scbodine@ucdavis.edu

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Summary

Age-related loss of muscle mass occurs to varying degrees in all individuals and has a detrimental effect on morbidity and mortality. Muscle RING Finger 1 (MuRF1), a muscle-specific E3 ubiquitin ligase, is believed to mediate muscle atrophy through the ubiquitin proteasome system (UPS). Deletion of MuRF1 (KO) in mice attenuates the loss of muscle mass following denervation, disuse, and glucocorticoid treatment; however, its role in age-related muscle loss is unknown. In this study, skeletal muscle from male wild-type (WT) and MuRF1 KO mice was studied up to the age of 24 months. Muscle mass and fiber cross-sectional area decreased significantly with age in WT, but not in KO mice. In aged WT muscle, significant decreases in proteasome activities, especially 20S and 26S β5 (20–40% decrease), were measured and were associated with significant increases in the maladaptive endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress marker, CHOP. Conversely, in aged MuRF1 KO mice, 20S or 26S β5 proteasome activity was maintained or decreased to a lesser extent than in WT mice, and no increase in CHOP expression was measured. Examination of the growth response of older (18 months) mice to functional overload revealed that old WT mice had significantly less growth relative to young mice (1.37- vs. 1.83-fold), whereas old MuRF1 KO mice had a normal growth response (1.74- vs. 1.90-fold). These data collectively suggest that with age, MuRF1 plays an important role in the control of skeletal muscle mass and growth capacity through the regulation of cellular stress.

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