Embryonic expression of the common progeroid lamin A splice mutation arrests postnatal skin development

Authors

  • Tomás McKenna,

    1. Department of Biosciences and Nutrition, Center for Biosciences, Karolinska Institutet, Novum, Huddinge, Sweden
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Ylva Rosengardten,

    1. Department of Biosciences and Nutrition, Center for Biosciences, Karolinska Institutet, Novum, Huddinge, Sweden
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Nikenza Viceconte,

    1. Department of Biosciences and Nutrition, Center for Biosciences, Karolinska Institutet, Novum, Huddinge, Sweden
    Search for more papers by this author
    • These authors contributed equally to this work.
  • Jean-Ha Baek,

    1. Department of Biosciences and Nutrition, Center for Biosciences, Karolinska Institutet, Novum, Huddinge, Sweden
    Search for more papers by this author
    • These authors contributed equally to this work.
  • Diana Grochová,

    1. Department of Biosciences and Nutrition, Center for Biosciences, Karolinska Institutet, Novum, Huddinge, Sweden
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Maria Eriksson

    Corresponding author
    1. Department of Biosciences and Nutrition, Center for Biosciences, Karolinska Institutet, Novum, Huddinge, Sweden
    • Correspondence

      Maria Eriksson, Department of Biosciences and Nutrition, Center for Biosciences, Karolinska Institutet, Novum, SE-14183 Huddinge, Sweden. Tel.: +46 8 524 81066; fax: +46 8 524 81170; e-mail: maria.eriksson.2@ki.se

    Search for more papers by this author

Summary

Hutchinson–Gilford progeria syndrome (HGPS) and restrictive dermopathy (RD) are two laminopathies caused by mutations leading to cellular accumulation of prelamin A or one of its truncated forms, progerin. One proposed mechanism for the more severe symptoms in patients with RD compared with HGPS is that higher levels of farnesylated lamin A are produced in RD. Here, we show evidence in support of that hypothesis. Overexpression of the most common progeroid lamin A mutation (LMNA c.1824C>T, p.G608G) during skin development results in a severe phenotype, characterized by dry scaly skin. At postnatal day 5 (PD5), progeroid animals showed a hyperplastic epidermis, disorganized sebaceous glands and an acute inflammatory dermal response, also involving the hypodermal fat layer. PD5 animals also showed an upregulation of multiple inflammatory response genes and an activated NF-kB target pathway. Careful analysis of the interfollicular epidermis showed aberrant expression of the lamin B receptor (LBR) in the suprabasal layer. Prolonged expression of LBR, in 14.06% of the cells, likely contributes to the observed arrest of skin development, clearly evident at PD4 when the skin had developed into single-layer epithelium in the wild-type animals while progeroid animals still had the multilayered appearance typical for skin at PD3. Suprabasal cells expressing LBR showed altered DNA distribution, suggesting the induction of gene expression changes. Despite the formation of a functional epidermal barrier and proven functionality of the gap junctions, progeroid animals displayed a greater rate of water loss as compared with wild-type littermates and died within the first two postnatal weeks.

Ancillary