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References

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    Department of Health and Human Resources/U.S. Food and Drug Administration. Guidance for Institutional Review Boards, Clinical Investigators, and Sponsors. Exception from Informed Consent Requirements for Emergency Research. Draft Guidance, 2006. Available at: http://www.fda.gov/ohrms/dockets/98fr/06d-0331-gdl0001.pdf. Accessed Jul 13, 2012.
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    Bulger EM, Schmidt TA, Cook AJ, et al. The random dialing survey as a tool for community consultation for research involving the emergency medicine exception from informed consent. Ann Emerg Med. 2009; 53:34150.
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    Contant C, McCullough LB, Mangus L, Robertson C, Valadka A, Brody B. Community consultation in emergency research. Crit Care Med. 2006; 34:204952.
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    McClure KB, DeIorio NM, Gunnels MD, Ochsner MJ, Biros MH, Schmidt TA. Attitudes of emergency department patients and visitors regarding emergency exception from informed consent in resuscitation research, community consultation, and public notification. Acad Emerg Med. 2003; 10:3529.