• 1
    Teichman JM. Acute renal colic from ureteral calculus. N Engl J Med. 2004;350:68493.
  • 2
    Kocher KE, Meurer WJ, Fazel R, et al. National trends in use of computed tomography in the emergency department. Ann Emerg Med. 2011;58:45262.
  • 3
    Graham A, Luber S, Wolfson AB. Urolithiasis in the emergency department. Emerg Med Clin N Am. 2011;29:51938.
  • 4
    Smith-Bindman R, Lipson J, Marcus R, et al. Radiation dose associated with common computed tomography examinations and the associated lifetime attributable risk of cancer. Arch Intern Med. 2009;169:207886.
  • 5
    Coursey CA, Casalino D, Remer EM, et al. American College of Radiology appropriateness criteria: acute onset flank pain - suspicion of stone disease. Ultrasound Q. 2012;28:22733.
  • 6
    Rucker CM, Menias CO, Bhalla S. Mimics of renal colic: alternative diagnoses at unenhanced helical CT. RadioGraphics. 2004;24(Suppl 1):S1128.
  • 7
    Antonis MS, Philips CA, Blaivas M. Genitourinary imaging in the emergency department. Emerg Med Clin N Am. 2011;29:55367.
  • 8
    Katz DS, Scheer M, Lumerman JH, et al. Unenhanced helical computed tomography for suspected renal colic: experience with 1000 consecutive examinations. Urology. 2000;56(1):5357.
  • 9
    Hoppe H, Studer R, Kessler TM, et al. Alternate or additional findings to stone disease on unenhanced computerized tomography for acute flank pain can impact management. J Urol. 2006;175:172530.
  • 10
    Westphalen AC, Hsia RY, Maselli JH, Wang R, Gonzales R. Radiological imaging of patients with suspected urinary tract stones: national trends, diagnoses, and predictors. Acad Emerg Med. 2011;18:699707.
  • 11
    Ather MH, Faizullah K, Achakzai I, Siwani R, Irani F. Alternate and incidental diagnoses on noncontrast-enhanced spiral computed tomography for acute flank pain. Urol J. 2009;6:1418.
  • 12
    Gilbert EH, Lowenstein SR, Koziol-McLain J, Barta DC, Steiner J. Chart reviews in emergency medicine research: where are the methods? Ann Emerg Med. 1996;27:3058.
  • 13
    Ahmad NA, Ather MH, Rees J. Incidental diagnosis of diseases on un-enhanced helical computed tomography performed for ureteric colic. BMC Urol. 2003;3:16.
  • 14
    Smith RC, Verga M, McCarthy S, Rosenfield AT. Diagnosis of acute flank pain: value of unenhanced helical CT. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 1996;166:97101.
  • 15
    Dalrymple NC, Verga M, Anderson KR, et al. The value of unenhanced helical computerized tomography in the management of acute flank pain. J Urol. 1998;159:73540.
  • 16
    Eshed I, Kornecki A, Rabin A, Elias S, Katz R. Unenhanced spiral CT for the assessment of renal colic. How does limiting the referral base affect the discovery of additional findings not related to urinary tract calculi? Eur J Radiol. 2002;41:604.
  • 17
    Berland LL, Silverman SG, Gore RM, et al. Managing incidental findings on abdominal CT: white paper of the ACR incidental findings committee. J Am Coll Radiol. 2010;7:75473.
  • 18
    Levine D, Brown DL, Andreotti RF, et al. Management of asymptomatic ovarian and other adnexal cysts imaged at US: Society of Radiologists in Ultrasound Consensus Implications for Patient Care. Radiology. 2010;256:94354.
  • 19
    Heldt JP, Smith JC, Anderson KM, et al. Ureteral calculi detection using low dose computerized tomography protocols is compromised in overweight and underweight patients. J Urol. 2012;188:1249.
  • 20
    Kim BS, Hwang IK, Choi YW, et al. Low-dose and standard-dose unenhanced helical computed tomography for the assessment of acute renal colic: prospective comparative study. Acta Radiol. 2005;46:75663.
  • 21
    Poletti PA, Platon A, Rutschmann OT, et al. Low-dose versus standard-dose CT protocol in patients with clinically suspected renal colic. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2007;188:92733.
  • 22
    Tartari S, Rizzati R, Righi R, et al. Low-dose unenhanced CT protocols according to individual body size for evaluating suspected renal colic: cumulative radiation exposures. La Radiol Med. 2010;115:10514.
  • 23
    Katz SI, Saluja S, Brink JA, Forman HP. Radiation dose associated with unenhanced CT for suspected renal colic: impact of repetitive studies. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2006;186:11204.
  • 24
    Kim S, Lee YJ, Kim KP, et al. Low-dose abdominal CT for evaluating suspected appendicitis. N Engl J Med. 2012;366:1596605.
  • 25
    Ha M, MacDonald RD. Impact of CT scan in patients with first episode of suspected nephrolithiasis. J Emerg Med. 2004;27:22531.