Associations Between Multivitamin Supplement Use and Alcohol Consumption Before Pregnancy: Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System, 2004 to 2008
Article first published online: 23 APR 2013
Copyright © 2013 by the Research Society on Alcoholism
Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research
Volume 37, Issue 9, pages 1595–1600, September 2013
How to Cite
Weiss, L. A. and Chambers, C. D. (2013), Associations Between Multivitamin Supplement Use and Alcohol Consumption Before Pregnancy: Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System, 2004 to 2008. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research, 37: 1595–1600. doi: 10.1111/acer.12120
- Issue published online: 29 AUG 2013
- Article first published online: 23 APR 2013
- Manuscript Accepted: 1 FEB 2013
- Manuscript Received: 1 OCT 2012
- Prenatal Alcohol Exposure
Approximately 50 to 70% of childbearing-aged women consume alcohol and up to 23% of pregnancies have some level of prenatal alcohol exposure.
Using data from the Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System from 2004 to 2008, 111,644 women who completed questions relating to periconceptional alcohol use and multivitamin supplement use were included in the study. This study explored associations between periconceptional alcohol use and multivitamin supplementation use. Weighted multivariable logistic regression was used to explore associations, adjusting for maternal education, maternal ethnicity, maternal age, household income, and parity.
During the periconceptional period, a dose-dependent association was found where women who consumed alcohol (≤3 drinks/wk, odds ratio [OR] = 0.76; 4 to 6 drinks/wk, OR = 0.60; 7 to 13 drinks/wk, OR = 0.49; ≥14 drinks/wk, OR = 0.39) and binged on alcohol (1 time, OR = 0.76; 2 to 3 times, OR = 0.66; 4 to 5 times, OR = 0.56; ≥6 times, OR = 0.50) were significantly less likely to take a multivitamin supplement compared with those that did not consume alcohol.
These findings emphasize the importance of periconceptional multivitamin supplement use, especially among alcohol-consuming women of childbearing age.