Appendix S1. Further information on the characteristics of each site (Site no.): north (N) and east (E) coordinates, surface in hectares [area (ha)], vegetation structure [coverage of herbal layer (c.hl.) and Calluna vulgaris (], soil humidity (, number of species (no. spec.), number of individuals (no. indiv.) and number of endangered species (no. end. spec.).


Appendix S2. Further explanations of statistical methods applied during the analyses.


Appendix S3. List of species (mean activity density ± standard deviation) collected in each habitat type (DS = drift sand, DG = dry grassland, CH = Calluna heathland, SG = semi-dry grassland, JH = Juniperus heathland, FO = forests). Abbreviations: end., endangerment category according to Hannig & Kaiser, 2011; * , not endangered; D, insufficient data; V, endangerment may be assumed; 3, endangered; 2, highly endangered; 1, in imminent danger of becoming extinct; eury./moist., eurytopy and moisture values according to Turin (2000); *1, 35 species were unique to open sand and heathland habitat types.


Appendix S4. Habitat restoration and management strategies for dry grasslands and heathlands from a carabidologists perspective.


Appendix S5. Grazing suggestions to enhance habitat suitability for dry grassland and heathland carabid species and assemblages.

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