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China Publishes Anti-Smoking Plan

  1. Top of page
  2. China Publishes Anti-Smoking Plan
  3. New International Treaty on Illicit Tobacco Trade
  4. European Commission Releases New Proposals on Tobacco Products
  5. New European Drug Strategy
  6. Obama Reaction to Drug Legalization in Colorado and Washington
  7. Cannabis Legalization Bill in Uruguay
  8. Rise in Admissions for Prescription Drug Combinations in USA Over 10 Years
  9. Conferences and Events

The Independent reports that China published a plan in December 2012 to reduce the world's largest population of smokers in response to the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC). However, the plan does not include recommendations such as warning labels with graphic images. China plans to cut the number of smokers to 25 percent of the population by 2015 from 28.1 percent in 2010, according to the plan published by the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology by ‘comprehensively’ prohibiting smoking in public places and banning all tobacco advertising, promotion and sponsorship. The plan was criticised by Wu Yiqun, a director at the Beijing-based ThinkTank Research Center for Health Development who argues that the plan is a compromise result between the tobacco industry and the Health Ministry. The State Tobacco Monopoly Administration in China was involved in the plan's preparation.

New International Treaty on Illicit Tobacco Trade

  1. Top of page
  2. China Publishes Anti-Smoking Plan
  3. New International Treaty on Illicit Tobacco Trade
  4. European Commission Releases New Proposals on Tobacco Products
  5. New European Drug Strategy
  6. Obama Reaction to Drug Legalization in Colorado and Washington
  7. Cannabis Legalization Bill in Uruguay
  8. Rise in Admissions for Prescription Drug Combinations in USA Over 10 Years
  9. Conferences and Events

In November 2012's meeting of the WHO's Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC), delegates of more than 140 parties to the FCTC adopted a treaty that envisages an international tracking system which aims to halt the smuggling and counterfeiting of tobacco products. The Protocol to Eliminate Illicit Trade in Tobacco Products gives signatory states five years to establish a tracking and tracing mechanism on cigarettes and every other tobacco product. The system will use non-removable markings and will be coordinated globally to detect illegal tobacco trading. The illegal trade is estimated as accounting for 11 percent of the total tobacco market and costing governments an estimated $40 billion in lost tax revenue. Agents, suppliers and tobacco manufacturers will all have to be licensed. Manufacturers will have to carry out checks on customers to ensure they are genuine or if they have associations with criminal organisations. This is the first time that the FCTC has focussed on controlling the supply chain rather than attempting to control the demand for tobacco products.

European Commission Releases New Proposals on Tobacco Products

  1. Top of page
  2. China Publishes Anti-Smoking Plan
  3. New International Treaty on Illicit Tobacco Trade
  4. European Commission Releases New Proposals on Tobacco Products
  5. New European Drug Strategy
  6. Obama Reaction to Drug Legalization in Colorado and Washington
  7. Cannabis Legalization Bill in Uruguay
  8. Rise in Admissions for Prescription Drug Combinations in USA Over 10 Years
  9. Conferences and Events

The Wall Street Journal reports that in December 2012 the European Commission released proposals to ban menthol and other flavoured cigarettes and force tobacco firms to print large health warnings covering 75 per cent of packets. A revision of the 2001 tobacco products directive was due in 2012 but this was put into doubt by the resignation of former health commissioner John Dalli in October. There was concern that the abrupt change of leadership would delay the revision for several years. The proposals do not contain a requirement for plain packaging on cigarette packs or a ban on displaying cigarettes in stores, as called for by health campaigners. But ‘member states remain free to introduce plain packaging in duly justified cases,’ a European Commission statement said. ‘Tobacco kills half of its users and is highly addictive,’ said Health Commissioner, Tonio Borg who replaced John Dalli. ‘With 70 per cent of smokers starting before the age of 18, the ambition of today's proposal is to make tobacco products and smoking less attractive and thus discourage tobacco initiation among young people.’ The new rules must be approved by member states as well as the European Parliament, with Mr Borg saying he hoped to see the legislation adopted in 2014, meaning it would come into effect in 2015–16. ASH Chief Executive Deborah Arnott commented ‘We are encouraged that, despite efforts by the tobacco industry to scuttle the directive, there should be sufficient time for it to be considered and passed by the current EU Parliament.’ Packs of less than 20 cigarettes will also be banned as well as ‘slims,’ while electronic cigarettes, which contain some nicotine, will only be authorised as medicinal products. The commission also reaffirmed a ban on exports of moist powdered Swedish snus.

New European Drug Strategy

  1. Top of page
  2. China Publishes Anti-Smoking Plan
  3. New International Treaty on Illicit Tobacco Trade
  4. European Commission Releases New Proposals on Tobacco Products
  5. New European Drug Strategy
  6. Obama Reaction to Drug Legalization in Colorado and Washington
  7. Cannabis Legalization Bill in Uruguay
  8. Rise in Admissions for Prescription Drug Combinations in USA Over 10 Years
  9. Conferences and Events

The new EU drug strategy for 2013–20 was adopted on December 7 2012. The framework, aim and objectives of the Strategy will serve as a basis for two consecutive 4-year EU Drugs Action plans. The strategy directs and requires collective EU action in international forums, such as the UN Commission on Narcotic Drugs and the UN General Assembly and the strategy will have an important role in EC funding priorities. The strategy sets out the need for evaluation of outcomes achieved in supply side enforcement as well as demand reduction. ‘Risk and harm reduction’ is a notable feature of the strategy and the strategy has a focus on HIV, HCV, and overdose. The strategy has more emphasis on human rights than the previous strategy and seeks to encourage civil society participation in policy, including the involvement of people who use drugs and young people.

Obama Reaction to Drug Legalization in Colorado and Washington

  1. Top of page
  2. China Publishes Anti-Smoking Plan
  3. New International Treaty on Illicit Tobacco Trade
  4. European Commission Releases New Proposals on Tobacco Products
  5. New European Drug Strategy
  6. Obama Reaction to Drug Legalization in Colorado and Washington
  7. Cannabis Legalization Bill in Uruguay
  8. Rise in Admissions for Prescription Drug Combinations in USA Over 10 Years
  9. Conferences and Events

In December ABC News interviewed President Obama who said recreational users of cannabis in the states of Colorado and Washington which have legalized the substance should not be a ‘top priority’ of federal law enforcement officials. ‘We've got bigger fish to fry,’ Obama said of cannabis users in these states. ‘It would not make sense for us to see a top priority as going after recreational users in states that have determined that it's legal,’ he said, invoking the same approach taken toward users of medicinal marijuana in 18 states where it's legal. Obama told Barbara Walters of ABC News that he does not—‘at this point'—support widespread legalization of cannabis. Obama cited shifting public opinion and limited government resources as reasons to find a middle ground on punishing use of the drug. ‘This is a tough problem, because Congress has not yet changed the law,’ Obama said. ‘I head up the executive branch; we're supposed to be carrying out laws. And so what we're going to need to have is a conversation about, how do you reconcile a federal law that still says marijuana is a federal offense and state laws that say that it's legal?’ The president said he has asked Attorney General Eric Holder and the Justice Department to examine the legal questions surrounding conflicting state and federal laws on drugs. ‘There are a number of issues that have to be considered, among them the impact that drug usage has on young people, [and] we have treaty obligations with nations outside the United States.’ Insight Crime reports criticism from Colombia's president and police chief of the legalization decisions in Colorado and Washington. In November, the leaders of Mexico, Belize and Honduras called for extensive analysis into the possible ramifications of the Colorado and Washington votes for the region, with then-Mexico President Felipe Calderon declaring the votes to be a ‘paradigm shift’ in international drug policy.

Cannabis Legalization Bill in Uruguay

  1. Top of page
  2. China Publishes Anti-Smoking Plan
  3. New International Treaty on Illicit Tobacco Trade
  4. European Commission Releases New Proposals on Tobacco Products
  5. New European Drug Strategy
  6. Obama Reaction to Drug Legalization in Colorado and Washington
  7. Cannabis Legalization Bill in Uruguay
  8. Rise in Admissions for Prescription Drug Combinations in USA Over 10 Years
  9. Conferences and Events

ABC News reports that in November a bill was introduced in the General Assembly in Uruguay to legally permit cannabis cultivation and consumption. The bill would create a government office that would issue licences to produce, distribute and sell cannabis. Adults would need to register with the government in order to purchase cannabis and would be limited to purchasing 40 grams of the drug per month, roughly 1.5 ounces. Home grown cannabis would also be permitted, but with no more than six plants per household. While the legalization bill is expected to pass the Uruguayan Congress if put to a vote, a poll showed that 64 percent of Uruguayans oppose the plan as it stands., and the president has cited public opinion as a reason for the slowdown. Uruguayan president José Mujica said on December 18 that the time ‘is not ripe’ for full legalization, and that ‘people must be educated.’

Rise in Admissions for Prescription Drug Combinations in USA Over 10 Years

  1. Top of page
  2. China Publishes Anti-Smoking Plan
  3. New International Treaty on Illicit Tobacco Trade
  4. European Commission Releases New Proposals on Tobacco Products
  5. New European Drug Strategy
  6. Obama Reaction to Drug Legalization in Colorado and Washington
  7. Cannabis Legalization Bill in Uruguay
  8. Rise in Admissions for Prescription Drug Combinations in USA Over 10 Years
  9. Conferences and Events

A report by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) shows that substance abuse treatment admissions for addiction involving combined use of benzodiazepine and narcotic pain relievers rose a total of 569.7 percent, to 33,701, from 2000 to 2010. Overall substance abuse treatment admissions of people ages 12 and older in the same period rose 4 percent, to 1.82 million. The report showed that 38.7 percent of those with this combined addiction began use of both drugs in the same year; 34.1 percent first used narcotic pain relievers, and the remaining 27.1 percent started with benzodiazepines. Almost half of patients admitted for combined use also had a co-occurring psychiatric disorder, were largely self-referred, and were less likely to receive regular outpatient treatment than other admissions.

Conferences and Events

  1. Top of page
  2. China Publishes Anti-Smoking Plan
  3. New International Treaty on Illicit Tobacco Trade
  4. European Commission Releases New Proposals on Tobacco Products
  5. New European Drug Strategy
  6. Obama Reaction to Drug Legalization in Colorado and Washington
  7. Cannabis Legalization Bill in Uruguay
  8. Rise in Admissions for Prescription Drug Combinations in USA Over 10 Years
  9. Conferences and Events

ASCPT 2013 (American Society for Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics), 6–9 March 2013, JW Marriott Hotel, Indianapolis, Indiana, USA. Website: http://www.ascpt.org/2013AnnualMeeting/tabid/12428/Default.aspx

American Academy of Health Behavior 2013 Meeting, 17–20 March 2013, Santa Fe, New Mexico, USA. Website: http://www.aahb.wildapricot.org/MeetingUpcoming

The 6th Australasian Drug and Alcohol Strategy Conference (ADASC), 19–22 March 2013, Sydney, Australia. Website: http://adasc2013.com/

Society of Behavioral Medicine's Annual Meeting & Scientific Sessions, 20–23 March 2013, San Francisco, California, USA. Website: http://www.sbm.org/meetings/

Alcohol Policy 16, 3–5 April 2013, Washington, DC, USA. Website: http://www.silvergategroup.com/ap16/

21st European Congress of Psychiatry, 6–9 April 2013, Nice, France. Website: http://www.epa-congress.org/

American Academy of Pain Medicine (AAPM) 29th Annual Meeting, 11–14 April 2013, Fort Lauderdale, Florida, USA. Website: http://www.painmed.org/annualmeeting/main.aspx

International Society of Psychiatric-Mental Health Nurses (ISPN) 6th Annual Psychopharmacology Institute and ISPN 15th Annual Conference, 16–20 April 2013, San Antonio, Texas, USA. Website: http://www.ispn-psych.org/html/conferences.html

American Society of Addiction Medicine (ASAM) 44th Annual Medical-Scientific Conference, 25–28 April 2013, Chicago, Illinois, USA. Website: http://www.asam.org/education/annual-medical-scientific-conference

Faculty of Addictions Psychiatry Annual Conference 2013, 2–3 May 2013, Newcastle, UK. Website: http://www.rcpsych.ac.uk/eventsandcourses/facultysectionconferences/addictions2013conference.aspx

Global Addiction & EUROPAD Joint Conference 2013, 7–10 May 2013, Pisa, Italy. Website: http://www.globaladdiction.org/

American Psychiatric Association (APA) 166th Annual Meeting, 18–22 May 2013, San Francisco, California, USA. Website: http://www.psych.org/learn/annual-meeting

National Association of Addiction Treatment Providers (NAATP) Annual Conference, 18–21 May 2013, San Antonio, Texas, USA. Website: https://www.naatp.org/events/2013-annual-conference

Society for Clinical Trials (SCT) 34th Annual Meeting, 19–22 May 2013, Boston, Massachusetts, USA. Website: http://www.sctweb.org/public/meetings/2013/home.cfm

8th International Conference on Nightlife, Substance Use and Related Health Issues, 28–30 May 2013, San Francisco, California, USA. Website: http://www.clubhealthsf2013.org/

Harm Reduction International Conference 2013, 9–12 June 2013, Vilnius, Lithuania. Website: http://www.ihra.net/about-the-event-2

College on Problems of Drug Dependence (CPDD) Annual Meeting, 15–20 June 2013, Hilton Bayfront Hotel, San Diego, California, USA. Website: http://www.cpdd.vcu.edu/index.html

21st World Congress for Social Psychiatry, 29 June-3 July 2013, Lisbon, Portugal. Website: http://www.wasp2013.com/

The Royal College of Psychiatrists' International Congress 2013, 2–5 July 2013, Edinburgh, Scotland, UK. Website: http://www.rcpsych.ac.uk/eventsandcourses/internationalcongress2013.aspx

The International Narcotics Research Conference, 14–18 July 2013, Cairns, North Queensland, Australia. Website: http://www.inrcworld.org/2013/2013mtg.htm

Complexity: Researching Alcohol and Other Drugs in a Multiple World, 21–23 August 2013, Aarhus, Denmark. Website: http://ndri.curtin.edu.au/local/docs/pdf/conferences/cdp_2013_conference_flyer.pdf

International Conference for the 20th anniversary of the Research Institute for Public Health and Addiction, 9–10 September 2013, Zurich University, Zurich, Switzerland. Website: http://www.isgf.ch/

5th Addiction and Mental Health Research Showcase, 11–13 September 2013, Calgary, Alberta, Canada. Website: http://www.mentalhealthresearch.ca/KeyInitiatives/Showcase/Pages/Showcase2013.aspx

Canadian Psychiatric Association Annual Conference, 26–28 September 2013, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. Website: http://www.cpa-apc.org

26th European College of Neuropsychopharmacology (ECNP) Congress, 5–9 October 2013, Barcelona, Spain. Website: http://www.ecnp.eu/en/Congress2013/ECNP%20Congress.aspx

3rd International Congress on Dual Disorder, 23–26 October 2013, Barcelona, Spain. Website: http://www.patologiadual.es/cipd2013/

American Association for the Treatment of Opioid Dependence (AATOD) National Conference, 9–13 November 2013, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA. Website: http://www.aatod.org/

American College of Psychiatrists Annual Meeting, 19–23 February 2014, San Antonio, Texas, USA. Website: http://www.acpsych.org/meetings-and-news/annual-meeting/future-annual-meetings

News and Notes welcomes contributions from its readers. Send your material to John Witton, News and Notes Editor, Addiction, National Addiction Centre PO48, 4 Windsor Walk, London SE5 8AF. Fax +44 (0)20 7848 5966; e-mail john.witton@kcl.ac.uk

Conference entries should be sent to Jean O'Reilly at jean@addictionjournal.org. Subject to editorial review, we will be glad to print, free of charge, details of your conference or event, up to 75 words and one entry only. Please send your notification three months before you wish the entry to appear.