Mortality from diseases, conditions and injuries where alcohol is a necessary cause in the Americas, 2007–09
Article first published online: 14 JAN 2014
© 2014 Society for the Study of Addiction
Volume 109, Issue 4, pages 570–577, April 2014
How to Cite
Gawryszewski, V. P. and Monteiro, M. G. (2014), Mortality from diseases, conditions and injuries where alcohol is a necessary cause in the Americas, 2007–09. Addiction, 109: 570–577. doi: 10.1111/add.12418
- Issue published online: 10 MAR 2014
- Article first published online: 14 JAN 2014
- Manuscript Accepted: 6 NOV 2013
- Manuscript Revised: 31 OCT 2013
- Manuscript Received: 28 MAY 2013
- Alcohol consumption;
- alcohol-induced disorders;
- death rate;
To describe mortality from diseases, conditions and injuries where alcohol was a necessary cause in selected countries in the Americas.
A descriptive, population-based study.
The data come from 16 countries in North, Central and South America for the triennium 2007–09 (latest available data).
A total of 238 367 deaths were analyzed.
We calculated age-adjusted and age-specific mortality rates by sex and country using the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) mortality database.
The annual average of deaths where alcohol was a necessary cause in the 16 countries was 79 456 (men comprised 86% and women 14%). People aged 40–59 years represented 55% overall. Most deaths were due to liver diseases (63% overall) and neuropsychiatric disorders (32% overall). Overall age-adjusted rates/100 000 were higher in El Salvador (27.4), Guatemala (22.3), Nicaragua (21.3) and Mexico (17.8) and lower in Colombia (1.8), Argentina (4.0) and Canada (5.7). The age groups at the highest risk were 54–59 to 64–69 years in most countries. In Guatemala, El Salvador and Nicaragua the rates increased earlier, among those aged 30–49 years. Male rates were higher than female rates in all countries, but the male : female ratio varied widely.
Diseases, conditions or injuries where alcohol is a necessary cause are an important cause of premature mortality in the Americas, especially among men. Some countries show high risk of dying from this group of causes.