Systematic review of non-transportation rates and outcomes for older people who have fallen after ambulance service call-out
Article first published online: 17 APR 2013
© 2013 The Authors. Australasian Journal on Ageing © 2013 ACOTA
Australasian Journal on Ageing
Volume 32, Issue 3, pages 147–157, September 2013
How to Cite
Mikolaizak, A. S., Simpson, P. M., Tiedemann, A., Lord, S. R. and Close, J. C. (2013), Systematic review of non-transportation rates and outcomes for older people who have fallen after ambulance service call-out. Australasian Journal on Ageing, 32: 147–157. doi: 10.1111/ajag.12023
- Issue published online: 13 SEP 2013
- Article first published online: 17 APR 2013
- NSW Health Promotion Demonstration Research Grants Scheme
- accidental falls;
- emergency response;
- fall prevention;
To review the evidence regarding non-transported older people who have fallen in relation to non-transportation rates, outcomes and impact of alternate care pathways.
Electronic databases and reference lists of included studies (up to December 2011) were systematically searched. Studies were eligible if they included data on non-transportation rates, information on outcomes or alternate care pathways for older people who have fallen.
Twelve studies were included. Non-transportation rates following a fall ranged from 11% to 56%. Up to 49% of non-transported people who have fallen had unplanned health-care contact within 28 days of the initial incident. Attendance by specially trained paramedics and individualised multifactorial interventions significantly reduced adverse events including subsequent falls, emergency ambulance calls, emergency department attendance and hospital admission.
Limited but promising evidence shows that appropriate interventions can improve health outcomes of non-transported older people who have fallen. Further studies are needed to explore alternate care pathways and promote more efficient use of health services.