Ultraviolet/visible/near-infrared spectral analysis and chemometric tools for the discrimination of wines between subzones inside a controlled designation of origin: a case study of Rías Baixas
Article first published online: 26 NOV 2012
© 2012 Australian Society of Viticulture and Oenology Inc.
Australian Journal of Grape and Wine Research
Volume 19, Issue 1, pages 62–67, February 2013
How to Cite
Martelo-Vidal, M.J., Domínguez-Agis, F. and Vázquez, M. (2013), Ultraviolet/visible/near-infrared spectral analysis and chemometric tools for the discrimination of wines between subzones inside a controlled designation of origin: a case study of Rías Baixas. Australian Journal of Grape and Wine Research, 19: 62–67. doi: 10.1111/ajgw.12003
- Issue published online: 24 JAN 2013
- Article first published online: 26 NOV 2012
- Manuscript Accepted: 20 SEP 2012
- Manuscript Revised: 27 AUG 2012
- Manuscript Received: 28 MAY 2012
- controlled designation of origin;
Background and Aims
Chemometrics combined with ultraviolet (UV), visible (VIS) and near-infrared (NIR) spectral analysis were evaluated to classify wines belonging to the controlled designation of origin (DO) Rías Baixas (Spain).
Methods and Results
Samples of wines made solely from the Albariño cultivar from subzones Condado, Salnés, Rosal and Ribeira do Ulla were analysed in transmittance mode using UV, VIS and NIR ranges alone or in combination. Principal component analysis was used to explore and determine data patterns. Soft independent modelling of class analogy (SIMCA), linear discriminant analysis and support vector machine classification were used to classify the samples. Condado wines were completely classified by applying SIMCA to the UV/VIS/NIR, NIR or VIS/NIR spectral ranges. Salnés and Ribeira do Ulla wines were completely classified by applying SIMCA to the UV/VIS spectral range. Finally, Rosal wines were completely classified by applying linear discriminant analysis to the VIS/NIR spectral range.
These results show that combinations of UV/VIS/NIR spectra and chemometric methods can be used as a rapid technique to classify subzones into a DO such as Rías Baixas. This technique may also assist authentication because the models also discriminated wines from outside Rías Baixas.
Significance of the Study
The importance of spectral range selection and chemometric tools for the classification of wines inside a DO was demonstrated.