Comparative ampelographic and genetic analysis of grapevine cultivars from Algeria and Morocco

Authors

  • L.H. Zinelabidine,

    1. Laboratoire de Gestion et Valorisation des Resources Naturelles, Equipe de Génétique et Biotechnologie Végétale, Faculté des Sciences et Techniques, Université Sultan Moulai Slimane, Beni Mellal, Morocco
    2. Complejo Científico Tecnológico, Instituto de Ciencias de la Vid y del Vino, Gobierno de La Rioja, CSIC, Universidad de La Rioja, Logroño, Spain
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  • Z. Laiadi,

    1. Département de Biologie Végétale, Faculté des Sciences de la Nature et de la Vie, Laboratoire de Développement et Valorisation des Resources Phytogénétiques, Université de Constantine, Constantine, Algeria
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  • R. Benmehaia,

    1. Département de Biologie Végétale, Faculté des Sciences, Université de M'Sila, M'Sila, Algeria
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  • P. Gago,

    1. Misión Biológica de Galicia (MBG-CSIC), , Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas, Pontevedra, Spain
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  • S. Boso,

    1. Misión Biológica de Galicia (MBG-CSIC), , Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas, Pontevedra, Spain
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  • J.L. Santiago,

    1. Misión Biológica de Galicia (MBG-CSIC), , Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas, Pontevedra, Spain
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  • A. Haddioui,

    1. Laboratoire de Gestion et Valorisation des Resources Naturelles, Equipe de Génétique et Biotechnologie Végétale, Faculté des Sciences et Techniques, Université Sultan Moulai Slimane, Beni Mellal, Morocco
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  • J. Ibáñez,

    1. Complejo Científico Tecnológico, Instituto de Ciencias de la Vid y del Vino, Gobierno de La Rioja, CSIC, Universidad de La Rioja, Logroño, Spain
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  • J.M. Martínez-Zapater,

    1. Complejo Científico Tecnológico, Instituto de Ciencias de la Vid y del Vino, Gobierno de La Rioja, CSIC, Universidad de La Rioja, Logroño, Spain
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  • M.C. Martínez

    Corresponding author
    1. Misión Biológica de Galicia (MBG-CSIC), , Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas, Pontevedra, Spain
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Abstract

Background and Aims

North Africa has a long history of viticulture and a wide diversity of grape cultivars. Ampelographic studies have been made of grapevine cultivars grown all over the world, but only a few describe those of Algeria and Morocco. Many Maghrebi cultivars held in germplasm banks or found growing wild in this region have recently been subjected to microsatellite profiling by different researchers, though little comparative analysis has been undertaken. The aim of the present work was to clarify the identity of the grapevine cultivars growing in the Maghreb via ampelographic and single-nucleotide polymorphism analysis.

Methods and Results

Seventy-one accessions were studied through the ampelographic construction of their mean leaves, via genotypic analysis using single-nucleotide polymorphism markers, and the comparison of these results with previously reported single sequence repeat marker profiles and ampelographic data for other grapevine material from the Maghreb.

Conclusion

New synonyms and homonyms were detected between Maghrebi cultivars. Some misinterpretations and errors of identification made during the making of the studied germplasm collections were identified.

Significance of the Study

This study helps clarify the confusion over the identity of Algerian and Moroccan grapevine cultivars and provides a general picture of grapevine diversity in the Maghreb.

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