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Keywords:

  • Bone morphogenetic protein;
  • human;
  • ovary;
  • proprotein convertase;
  • proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin

Problem

The aim of this study is to evaluate the expression and regulation of proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin (PCSK) 6, which is known to be an important factor in the production of bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) cytokines in human ovary.

Method of study

The localization of PCSK 6 protein in normal human ovaries was examined by immunohistochemistry. Human granulosa cells (GC), obtained from 34 patients undergoing ovarian stimulation for in vitro fertilization, were cultured with BMP-2, BMP-6, BMP-7, BMP-15, growth differentiation factor (GDF)-9, and activin-A with or without FSH. PCSK 6 mRNA expression level was evaluated by quantitative real-time reverse transcription and polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR).

Results

An immunohistochemistry study revealed that GC expressed PCSK 6 throughout follicular development, beginning in the primary follicle stage, while oocytes expressed PCSK 6 from the primordial follicle stage onwards. An in vitro study demonstrated that BMP-2, BMP-6, BMP-7, and BMP-15, not activin-A and GDF-9, decreased PCSK 6 gene expression in human GC. FSH induced PCSK 6 mRNA in the presence of activin-A or GDF-9. GDF-3, which is an inhibitor of BMP cytokines, also induced PCSK 6 mRNA expression.

Conclusions

PCSK 6, which is a critical factor to produce BMP cytokines, was suppressed with BMP stimulation in human GC, suggesting the presence of a negative feedback system in the follicular development process.