Female Genital Cutting and HIV Transmission: Is There an Association?
Article first published online: 13 OCT 2012
© 2012 John Wiley & Sons A/S
American Journal of Reproductive Immunology
Special Issue: Sexual Violence and HIV Transmission
Volume 69, Issue Supplement s1, pages 45–50, February 2013
How to Cite
Female genital cutting and HIV transmission: is there an association?. Am J Reprod Immunol 2012,
- Issue published online: 6 FEB 2013
- Article first published online: 13 OCT 2012
- Manuscript Accepted: 10 SEP 2012
- Manuscript Received: 21 AUG 2012
- female genitalia;
- HIV susceptibility
Female Genital Cutting (FGC) refers to the practice of surgically removing all or part of the female external genitalia for non-medical purposes. It is a common practice in many countries in Africa, the Middle East, and to a lesser extent, Asia. Over 130 million women worldwide have undergone this procedure, and over 2 million women and girls are subject to it every year. Various complications have been described, including infection, hemorrhage, genitourinary and obstetric complications, as well as psychological sequelae. Since the beginning of the HIV epidemic, a few reports have also described a potentially elevated risk of HIV transmission among women with FGC. In this report, we aim to review the evidence and identify unanswered questions and research gaps regarding a potential association between FGC and HIV transmission.