• 1
    Vaz P, Pedro A, Le Bozec S, Macassa E, Salvador S, Biberfeld G, Blanche S, Andersson S: Nonvertical, nonsexual transmission of human immunodeficiency virus in children. Pediatr Infect Dis J 2010; 29:271274.
  • 2
    Clevestig P, Maljkovic I, Casper C, Carlenor E, Lindgren S, Navér L, Bohlin AB, Fenyö EM, Leitner T, Ehrnst A: The X4 phenotype of HIV type 1 evolves from R5 in two children of mothers, carrying X4, and is not linked to transmission. AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses 2005; 21:371378.
  • 3
    Scarlatti G, Leitner T, Halapi E, Wahlberg J, Marchisio P, Clerici-Schoeller MA, Wigzell H, Fenyö EM, Albert J, Uhlén M, Rossi P: Comparison of variable region 3 sequences of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 from infected children with the RNA and DNA sequences of the virus populations of their mothers. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 1993; 90:17211725.
  • 4
    Rozera G, Abbate I, Ciccozzi M, Lo Presti A, Bruselles A, Vlassi C, D'Offizi G, Narciso P, Giombini E, Bartolini B, Ippolito G, Capobianchi MR: Ultra-deep sequencing reveals hidden HIV-1 minority lineages and shifts of viral population between the main cellular reservoirs of the infection after therapy interruption. J Med Virol 2012; 84:839844.
  • 5
    Pingen M, van derEnde M, Wensing A, El Barzouhi A, Simen B, Schutten M, Boucher C: Deep sequencing does not reveal additional transmitted mutations in patients diagnosed with HIV-1 variants with single nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor resistance mutations. HIV Med 2012: 14681293. [Epub ahead of print]. doi: 10.1111/j.1468-1293.2012.01037.x.
  • 6
    Holmes EC, Zhang LQ, Simmonds P, Rogers AS, Brown AJ: Molecular investigation of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection in a patient of an HIV-infected surgeon. J Infect Dis 1993; 167:14111414.
  • 7
    Sato H, Shiino T, Kodaka N, Taniguchi K, Tomita Y, Kato K, Miyakuni T, Takebe Y: Evolution and biological characterization of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 subtype E gp120 V3 sequences following horizontal and vertical virus transmission in a single family. J Virol 1999; 73:35513559.
  • 8
    Leitner T, Escanilla D, Franzén C, Uhlén M, Albert J: Accurate reconstruction of a known HIV-1 transmission history by phylogenetic tree analysis. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 1996; 93:1086410869.
  • 9
    Leitner T, Albert J: Reconstruction of HIV-1 transmission chains for forensic purposes. AIDS reviews 2000; 2:241251.
  • 10
    Albert J, Wahlberg J, Leitner T, Escanilla D, Uhlén M: Analysis of a rape case by direct sequencing of the human immunodeficiency virus type 1 pol and gag genes. J Virol 1994; 68:59185924.
  • 11
    Kaye M, Chibo D, Birch C: Comparison of Bayesian and maximum-likelihood phylogenetic approaches in two legal cases involving accusations of transmission of HIV. AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses 2009; 25:741748.
  • 12
    Campbell MS, Mullins JI, Hughes JP, Celum C, Wong KG, Raugi DN, Sorensen S, Stoddard JN, Zhao H, Deng W, Kahle E, Panteleef D, Baeten JM, McCutchan FE, Albert J, Leitner J, Wald A, Corey L, Lingappa JR: Partners in Prevention HSV/HIV Transmission Study Team. Viral linkage in HIV-1 seroconverters and their partners in an HIV-1 prevention clinical trial. PLoS One 2011; 6:16986.
  • 13
    Rachinger A, Groeneveld PH, van Assen S, Lemey P, Schuitemaker H: Time-measured phylogenies of gag, pol and env sequence data reveal the direction and time interval of HIV-1 transmission. AIDS 2011; 25:10351039.
  • 14
    Machuca R, Jørgensen LB, Theilade P, Nielsen C: Molecular investigation of transmission of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 in a criminal case. Clin Diagn Lab Immunol 2001; 8:884890.