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Keywords:

  • Cellular inhibitor of apoptosis protein -2;
  • Nuclear factor-κB pathway;
  • tumor necrosis factor α

Problem

How is the tumor necrosis factor (TNF) α-induced inhibitor of apoptosis (IAP) protein expression in endometriotic stromal cells (ESCs) involved in cell viability and signaling pathways?

Method of study

Endometriotic stromal cells were isolated from ovarian chocolate cysts in 20 patients who underwent laparoscopic surgery. IAP protein expression and IκB phosphorylation were evaluated by Western blot analysis. Interleukin (IL)-8 protein expression and cell proliferation were assessed by ELISA.

Results

Cellular IAP (cIAP)-2 protein expression in endometriotic tissue was higher than that of endometrium. TNFα markedly enhanced cIAP-2 protein expression in ESCs. Pretreatment with a nuclear factor (NF)-κB inhibitor attenuated TNFα-induced cIAP-2 expression. An antagonist of IAPs abrogated TNFα-induced cIAP-2 protein expression and showed a decrease in TNFα-induced IL-8 protein expression and BrdU incorporation in ESCs.

Conclusions

TNFα and its downstream NFκB pathway have proven to be critical regulators of highly expressed cIAP-2 in ESCs. cIAP-2 may be a novel therapeutic target for endometriosis.