This study draws on Vanessa Roberts, “The Origin of Victoria's public sector reforms: policy transfer from New Zealand?”, MA thesis, Department of Political Science, University of Canterbury, Christchurch (2005), supervised by S. Goldfinch. The thesis topic was funded by a scholarship from the Marsden Fund of the Royal Society of New Zealand. Order of authorship of this article is alphabetical and does not imply priority. Thanks are due to the referees and editors of this journal. Errors and omission are ours.
New Public Management and Public Sector Reform in Victoria and New Zealand: Policy Transfer, Elite Networks and Legislative Copying*
Article first published online: 14 MAR 2013
© 2013 The Authors. Australian Journal of Politics and History © 2013 School of History, Philosophy, Religion and Classics, School of Political Science and International Studies, The University of Queensland and Wiley Publishing Asia Pty Ltd.
Australian Journal of Politics & History
Volume 59, Issue 1, pages 80–96, March 2013
How to Cite
Goldfinch, S. and Roberts, V. (2013), New Public Management and Public Sector Reform in Victoria and New Zealand: Policy Transfer, Elite Networks and Legislative Copying. Australian Journal of Politics & History, 59: 80–96. doi: 10.1111/ajph.12005
- Issue published online: 14 MAR 2013
- Article first published online: 14 MAR 2013
Vol. 59, Issue 2, 329, Article first published online: 5 JUN 2013
In the early 1990s, Victoria reformed its state sector along New Public Management (NPM) lines. Drawing on interviews with key policy-makers of the time, including chief executives, ministers and key officials from both jurisdictions, and using archival material and secondary sources, this article shows that New Zealand developments were a key source for Victoria's reforms — even down to seemingly copying passages of legislation. Policy transfer took place within a supporting framework of an Anglo-American diffusion of NPM rhetoric and neoliberal ideas. But New Zealand's experiences gave content, form and legitimation to Victoria's reforms, while providing a platform and experience for learning and divergence, and a group of transferable experts. We underline the importance of the Australia-New Zealand relationship and trans-Tasman elite networks in understanding the governance of both countries.