Acknowledgements: An earlier version of this article was awarded joint runner-up in the National Museum of Australia Mike Smith Prize (for the History of Australian Science or Australian Environmental History) for 2012–2013. I would like to thank the anonymous reviewers, Margaret Hutchison, Karen Downing, Greg Barton and Tom Griffiths for providing valuable comments and criticisms.
Australia, the International Geophysical Year and the 1959 Antarctic Treaty
Article first published online: 18 DEC 2013
© 2013 The Author. Australian Journal of Politics and History © 2013 School of History, Philosophy, Religion and Classics, School of Political Science and International Studies, The University of Queensland and Wiley Publishing Asia Pty Ltd.
Australian Journal of Politics & History
Volume 59, Issue 4, pages 532–546, December 2013
How to Cite
Antonello, A. (2013), Australia, the International Geophysical Year and the 1959 Antarctic Treaty. Australian Journal of Politics & History, 59: 532–546. doi: 10.1111/ajph.12031
- Issue published online: 18 DEC 2013
- Article first published online: 18 DEC 2013
Australia's experience of the International Geophysical Year (IGY) in Antarctica (1957–8) tempers the dominant narrative of the IGY as a transformative event in Antarctic affairs. This article argues that the IGY was not a great rupture in Australia's relationship with Antarctica. Rather, because of a long cultural attachment to and continuing relationship with Antarctica based in concepts of national security and development, Australian government policy stubbornly adhered to the idea of territorial sovereignty. Recognising this continuity in Australia's relationship with Antarctica is important for reconfiguring our understanding of how the Antarctic Treaty took the form it did.