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Figure A1: The timing of moves in the accountability game in Section 2.2

Figure A2: The incumbent's and challenger's expected per-period payoffs if the voter acquiesces in the trap of pessimistic expectations

Figure A3: Simulated distribution of time to breakdown and consolidation

Figure A4: Empirical distribution of the survival time of currently existing and failed democracies, 1789-2008

Table A1: Descriptive statistics of covariates in the change-point analysis of democratic survival

Table A2: The time-dependent effect of economic decline on the hazard of democratic breakdowns

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