We thank André Blais, Kent Jennings, Alex Verink, the Human Nature Group, the UCSD Comparative Politics Workshop, panel participants at the 2012 MPSA conference, and the anonymous reviewers for helpful comments on earlier versions of this article.
Widowhood Effects in Voter Participation
Article first published online: 22 AUG 2013
©2013, Midwest Political Science Association
American Journal of Political Science
Volume 58, Issue 1, pages 1–16, January 2014
How to Cite
Hobbs, W. R., Christakis, N. A. and Fowler, J. H. (2014), Widowhood Effects in Voter Participation. American Journal of Political Science, 58: 1–16. doi: 10.1111/ajps.12040
This research uses three publicly available data sources: the Social Security Death Master File (distributed through the National Technical Information Service), the California Voter Record (distributed through the California Secretary of State's office), and the U.S. Census zip-code data. The Social Security Death Master File, relatively complete at the time we obtained the data, no longer includes many state records. More complete death-record information can be obtained by application to the California Department of Public Health.
- Issue published online: 2 JAN 2014
- Article first published online: 22 AUG 2013
Disclaimer: Supplementary materials have been peer-reviewed but not copyedited.
Notes verifying data quality
Figure A1: Overall widowhood effects, aligned by cohort
Figure A2: In-sample turnout, by age (identical voting histories only)
Figure A3: In-sample turnout in matched elections, by age (identical voting histories only)
Figure A4: Widowhood effects, by age
Figure A5: Voting history comparison, by age
Figure A6: Recovery, by age
Figure A7: Recovery, by population density
Figure A8: Recovery, by per capita income in zip code
Table A1: Aggregated widowhood effects with 95% confidence intervals, sample sizes, and match rates
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