Disclaimer: Supplementary materials have been peer-reviewed but not copyedited.


Notes verifying data quality

Figure A1: Overall widowhood effects, aligned by cohort

Figure A2: In-sample turnout, by age (identical voting histories only)

Figure A3: In-sample turnout in matched elections, by age (identical voting histories only)

Figure A4: Widowhood effects, by age

Figure A5: Voting history comparison, by age

Figure A6: Recovery, by age

Figure A7: Recovery, by population density

Figure A8: Recovery, by per capita income in zip code

Table A1: Aggregated widowhood effects with 95% confidence intervals, sample sizes, and match rates

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