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Placing Racial Stereotypes in Context: Social Desirability and the Politics of Racial Hostility

Authors


  • This research was supported by Grant SES-0318800 from the National Science Foundation. The authors are listed in reverse alphabetical order and contributed equally to the article. Correspondence should be addressed to Christopher Weber. We thank Rick Wilson, the anonymous reviewers, Johanna Dunaway, Jim Garand, Kirby Goidel, Cassie Black, and attendees of the LSU Brown Bag series for providing comments on the article. Replication materials may be found at http://dvn.iq.harvard.edu/dvn/faces/study/StudyPage.xhtml?globalId=hdl:1902.1/21431&versionNumber=1.

Abstract

Past research indicates that diversity at the level of larger geographic units (e.g., counties) is linked to white racial hostility. However, research has not addressed whether diverse local contexts may strengthen or weaken the relationship between racial stereotypes and policy attitudes. In a statewide opinion survey, we find that black-white racial diversity at the zip-code level strengthens the connection between racial stereotypes and race-related policy attitudes among whites. Moreover, this effect is most pronounced among low self-monitors, individuals who are relatively immune to the effects of egalitarian social norms likely to develop within a racially diverse local area. We find that this racializing effect is most evident for stereotypes (e.g., African Americans are “violent”) that are “relevant” to a given policy (e.g., capital punishment). Our findings lend nuance to research on the political effects of racial attitudes and confirm the racializing political effects of diverse residential settings on white Americans.

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