Psychometric evaluation of a Korean version of the 8-item Medication Adherence Scale in rural older adults with hypertension




To examine the psychometric properties of a structured self-reported 8-item Korean-version Morisky Medication Adherence Scale (MMAS-K) among rural older adults with hypertension.


Cross-sectional descriptive survey.


A rural community comprising three primary health care posts in Gangwon Province, South Korea.


Ninety-two older adults with hypertension who received treatment at primary health care posts.

Main outcome measures

Participants completed an 8-item MMAS-K questionnaire, and the community health practitioners manually measured blood pressure. Factor analysis and correlation coefficient for validity and the Kuder–Richardson alpha coefficient for reliability of the MMAS-K were used, while the association between medication adherence and blood pressure control was determined using Fisher's exact test.


Internal consistency reliability was acceptable with a coefficient alpha of 0.71. The factor analysis of construct validity identified two dimensions of the 8-item MMAS-K, explaining 52.22% of the total variance. There was a high correlation between the 8-item MMAS-K and the original 4-item MMAS (r= 0.874), indicating that these scales measure theoretically related constructs for convergent validity. There was a significant association between the 8-item MMAS-K score and blood pressure control (P< 0.05), indicating that, for the known-groups validity, the controlled blood pressure group was more likely to have higher rate of medication adherence than the poor-control group.


The findings indicate a positive association between medication adherence and blood pressure control. The 8-item MMAS-K possesses adequate validity and reliability among rural older adults with hypertension.