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Keywords:

  • Ethics;
  • Israel;
  • legislation;
  • organ trafficking;
  • Pakistan;
  • transplantation

Abstract

Israel and Pakistan—two major participants in the global organ trade—enacted legislative prohibitions on the trade at roughly the same time. The article highlights three influences that brought about this change of policy in both countries: advocacy by local physicians coupled with media coverage and reinforced by the international medical community. The analysis also explains why the two countries have differed with respect to the enforcement of the organ-trade prohibition. The insights from the Israeli and Pakistani cases will be of use for the transplant community's efforts against organ trafficking.