American Journal of Transplantation Images in Transplantation – Continuing Medical Education (CME)
Each month, the American Journal of Transplantation will feature Images in Transplantation, a journal-based CME activity, chosen to educate participants on current developments in the science and imaging of transplantation. Participants can earn 1 AMA PRA Category 1 Credit™ per article at their own pace.
This month's feature article is titled: “Persistent Shortness of Breath in a Kidney Transplant Recipient.”
Accreditation and Designation Statement
This activity has been planned and implemented in accordance with the Essential Areas and policies of the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME) through the joint sponsorship of Blackwell Futura Media Services, the American Society of Transplant Surgeons and the American Society of Transplantation. Blackwell Futura Media Services is accredited by the ACCME to provide continuing medical education for physicians.
Blackwell Futura Media Services designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 Credit™. Physicians should only claim credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity.
Statement of Need
Shortness of breath after kidney transplantation is a nonspecific complaint and may be related to both common and uncommon causes, including rare infections in the immunosuppressed patient. It is important to identify the precipitating cause of dyspnea as if left untreated, it can be fatal.
Purpose of Activity
This activity is designed to improve the competency in diagnosis and management of pulmonary infections in kidney transplant recipients.
Identification of Practice Gap
Kidney transplant recipients presenting with shortness of breath should be evaluated systematically as they can have a wide range of pathology with atypical clinical presentation. The differential diagnosis is broad but should include rare infections after common etiologies have been ruled out.
Upon completion of this educational activity, participants will be able to:
- Consider atypical infections when encountered with an immunosuppressed patient with persistent shortness of breath.
- Describe risk factors for this infection and discuss appropriate diagnostic testing.
- Discuss appropriate treatment options and usual outcomes of this infection.
This activity has been designed to meet the educational needs of physicians and surgeons in the field of transplantation.
No commercial support has been accepted related to the development or publication of this activity. Blackwell Futura Media Services has reviewed all disclosures and resolved or managed all identified conflicts of interest, as applicable.
Allan D. Kirk, MD, PhD, FACS, has no relevant financial relationships to disclose.
Sandy Feng, MD, PhD, has no relevant financial relationships to disclose.
Douglas W. Hanto, MD, PhD, has no relevant financial relationships to disclose.
Faris Ahmed, MD, J. Harold Helderman, MD, Anthony Langone, MD, and Heidi Schaefer, MD, have no relevant financial relationships to disclose.
Mina Behari, Director of Education, has no relevant financial relationships to disclose.
This manuscript underwent peer review in line with the standards of editorial integrity and publication ethics maintained by the American Journal of Transplantation. The peer reviewers have no relevant financial relationships to disclose. The peer review process for the American Journal of Transplantation is blinded. As such, the identities of the reviewers are not disclosed in line with the standard accepted practices of medical journal peer review.
Instructions on Receiving CME Credit
This activity is designed to be completed within an hour. Physicians should claim only those credits that reflect the time actually spent in the activity. This activity will be available for CME credit for twelve months following its publication date. At that time, it will be reviewed and potentially updated and extended for an additional twelve months.
Follow these steps to participate, answer the questions and claim your CME credit:
- Log on to https://www.wileyhealthlearning.com/ajt
- Read the learning objectives, target audience, and activity disclosures.
- Read the article in print or online format.
- Reflect on the article.
- Access the CME Exam, and choose the best answer to each question.
- Complete the required evaluation and print your CME certificate.