Edited by: Werner Aberer
Delayed allergic skin reactions due to intralesional meglumine antimoniate therapy for cutaneous leishmaniasis
Version of Record online: 16 OCT 2012
© 2012 John Wiley & Sons A/S
Volume 67, Issue 12, pages 1609–1611, December 2012
How to Cite
Delayed allergic skin reactions due to intralesional meglumine antimoniate therapy for cutaneous leishmaniasis. Allergy 2012; 67: 1609–1611., , , , , , .
- Issue online: 14 NOV 2012
- Version of Record online: 16 OCT 2012
- Manuscript Accepted: 10 SEP 2012
- drug allergy;
- immunologic tests
The pentavalent antimonials are considered the first-choice drugs for treatment of leishmaniasis. Intralesional therapy is used to minimize the systemic effects of the drug.
Seventy patients were treated with weekly intralesional infiltrations of Glucantime® (meglumine antimoniate) for cutaneous leishmaniasis. Nine of them had infiltrated itchy erythematous and vesiculous plaques at the injection sites. Cutaneous tests were undertaken in eight patients.
Prick tests were negative and seven of the eight patients showed positive intradermal tests with Glucantime® dilutions reading at D2 and D4. Only one patient had positive patch test to Glucantime a.i. Local reactions at the site of injection have been briefly mentioned in some reported series of leishmaniasis treated with intralesional or intramuscular meglumine antimoniate but the mechanism has never been explained before.
We report the first series of patients with local reactions at the injection sites of meglumine antimoniate in whom type IV hypersensitivity could be involved.